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Anthony Morse of Newbury

June 1, 2015 4 Comments

Morse Monument

Morse Monument This monument was erected to the memory of seven Puritans who emigrated from England to America in 1935-39. The front inscriptions are: John Mosse, Born 1604, settled at N. Haven, died 1707 at Wallingford Ct. Samuel Morse, born 1585, settled at Dedham 1636, died at Medfield 1654. Joseph Morse, settled at Ipswich where he died 1646. Anthony Morse, born at Marlborough Engl’d 1616, died at Newbury 1686. William Mors B. 1608, D. 1683 and Robert & Peter brothers, settled and d in N. J. Rear inscriptions: Elizth Morse wid. of Samuel D. June 26, 1654. Samuel Morse Col in Cromwell’s ARmy D. at the Eastward Sept. 24, 1688. John, D at Boston 1657. Daniel, D. at Sherborn JUne 5, 1688. Jeremiah, D in the Civil War in Eng. Joseph, D in Medfield 1653. Lt. Samuel who D. in Medf. Feb. 28, 1718, CPT. Joseph who D. in Sherboren Feb. 19, 1718 and Jeremiah who D. in Medf. February 19, 1716. Taken from The Morse Society Webmaster

Anthony Morse of Newbury, MA came from Marlborough, Wiltshire, England and settled in Newbury, Massachusetts in 1635. He and his brother, William Morse, registered as shoemakers.  Anthony arrived in Boston with his brother William, on the “James” June 3, 1635 which sailed from Southampton on April 5, 1635. Anthony built a house about 1/2 mile south of the cemetery in what is now called Newbury old town.  He was admitted as a Freeman May 25, 1636.

Anthony Morss (1606 – 1686)
is my 10th great grandfather
Robert Morse (1629 – 1677)
son of Anthony Morss
Joshua Morse (1669 – 1753)
son of Robert Morse
Joseph Morse (1692 – 1759)
son of Joshua Morse
Joseph Morse (1721 – 1776)
son of Joseph Morse
Joseph Morse III (1756 – 1835)
son of Joseph Morse
John Henry Morse (1775 – 1864)
son of Joseph Morse III
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of John Henry Morse
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Last Will and Testament of Anthony Morse of Newbury, Mass I anthony Morss of Newbury in the name of god amen i being sensible of my own frality and mortality being of parfit memory due make this as my last will and testament commanding my sole to god that gave it and my body to the dust in hope of a joyful resurixition and as for my wourly good I dispose of as foloieth. I give and bequeth to my son Joshua Morse making him my lawful eaire all my housing and lands both upland and meddow with my freehould and privilidge in all comon land both upland and meddow alweais provided that it the town of Newbury dou divide any part of the comon lands that then the on half part of that land which belongeth to me which cometh by vartu of my freehould shall be the lawful inheritance of my son benieman (Benjamin)morse all so I geve to my son Joshua morse all my cattell an horsis and sheep, swuine and all my toules for the shumaking trade as allso my carte wheles dung pot plow harrow youkes chains houses forkes shovel spad grin stone yt as allso on father bed which he lieth on with a bouister and pillo and a pair of blinkets and covrlitt and tou pair of shetes scillet and to platars and a paringer and a drinking pot and tou spoons and the water pails and barils and tobes all these about named I geve to my son Joshua and his eaires of his own body begotten lawfully than then all aboue geven to my son Joshua shall Return to the Rest of my children upon the peayment on good peay to my sons widow besides waht estate she att any time brought to her husband she the said widdow shall enjoy the houl estate on half year before she shall surrenter – also I geve to my son Robard (Robert) Morse Eighteen pounds or his children to my son Peter Morse or children L3, to my son Anthony Morse children I geve L3 to my son Joseph Morses children I geve L12 to my son Benieman Morse or children I geve L12 to my dafter Thorlo or children L12 to my dafter Skickney or children I geve L12 to my dafter Newman children I geve L12 to my dafter Smith or children I geve L12 to my grandson Richard Thorlo I geve an sheep, to my grandson Robard Homes I giev fiev pounds allso I geve the Remainder of my housall which is not in partikelar geven to my son Joshua in the former part of this my will to all my children equally to be devided between them and my grand children hous parents are dead, namely anthonys children, Josephs children hanahs children, allso I dou by this my last will allow and geve loberty to mu son Joshua morse hou is my Eaire to make said and dispose of that land by the pine swamp which I had of Nenieman lacon of that pece of land by John Akisons hous if he see Resan so to do. also I du by this my will apoynt my son Joshua morse to be my sole esecutor to peay all debts and legacies by this will geven and to Rceve all debtes allso I dou apoynt my loving and crisian frinds Cap danil Pears and Tristram Coffin and thomas noyes to be oversers of this my last will also I dou apoynt my Exicutor to peay my son Robard and son peter within one yeare after my death on the the other to be peaid within three years the plas of peayment to be newbury my will is tyhat my son benieman shall have the on half of all comon lands when devided as above said in witness thereof I anthony morse have hereunto Set my hand and seall this 28th Aprell, 1680. Sinid selid and onid in the presense of us James Coffin Mary Brown that whereas I anthong Morse in this my will abou said have geven on half of all common lands if devided to my sonn benieman mors; my meaning iss that my sons benieman shall haev the on half of my proportion of lands when devided, but my sonn Joshua to haev all my Rights in the lower comon this is my mind and will as witnes my seall this 20 of aprell 1680. Anthony Morse (Seal) Witness to this part of my will James Coffin Mary Brown Joshua Morse is allowed Exer to this will. from – The Morse Genealogy, 1903-05 – Will is on file at Salem, Essex County, Massachusetts. From History of Newbury – Newbury MA Web site: The settlers of Newbury were much like those of what is now northern Essex county. They were not religious enthusiasts or pilgrims who fled from religious persecution in England. The were substantial, law abiding, loyal English tradesmen of that staunch middle class that was the backbone of England. Those that settled Newbury came at different times and on different ships between the end of April 1634 and July 1635. In one of the first ships arriving in 1645, was Thomas Parker, a minister who came along with a small company of settlers. They were first at Agawan (Ipswich) and later along with their countrymen, who came from Wiltshire England to Newbury. The first settlers came by water from Ipswich through Plum Island Sound and up the Quascacunquen River, which was later renamed the Parker River. There had been a few fisherman occupying the banks of the Merrimac and Parker rivers before this, but they were not permanent settlers. These settlers came to New bury in May or June of 1635. Ships from England began to arrive almost immediately with cattle and more settlers. Governor Winthrop in his history of New England under the date of June 3, 1635, records the arrival of two ships with Dutch cattle along with the ship James from Southampton bringing more settlers. Newbury was therefore begun as a stock raising enterprise and the settlers came to engage in that business and to establish homes for themselves. In total 15 ships came in June and one each in August, November and December, bringing still more families to the settlement. There is no record of how many families arrived in the first year. Houses were erected on both sides of the Parker River. The principal settlement was around the meeting house on the lower green. The first church in Newbury could not have been formed before June as some of those recorded at its formation are not recorded as having arrived until June. In the division of land, the first settlers recognized the scripture rule “to him that hath shall be given” and the wealth of each grantee can be estimated by the number of acres given him. The reason for establishing Newbury, as stated above, was not from fleeing religious persecutions, but to utilize vacant lands and to establish a profitable business for the members of a stock-raising company. When they arrived in Massachusetts, the settlers found that the state had established the Congregational form of religion. Everyone was taxed to support the Congregational Society and was commanded to attend worship at the meeting house. The Reverend Thomas Parker was a member of the stock raising company and was also the minister of the settlers. The outlying settlers had a long journey to the meeting house. The congregations were in danger of attacks from Indians and wild beasts on their way to and from worship. There was a constant dread of attack during the time of services and all able bodied inhabitants were required to bring their weapons to church. Sentinels were posted at the doors. In spite of the hardship and danger, the population steadily increased in number and gradually improved its worldly condition. Being cramped for room, the settlers moved up to the upper or training green. This was in order to get tillable land and engage in commercial pursuits. This movement began in 1642. Each had been allotted half an acre for a building lot on the lower green. On the upper green each was to have four acres for a house lot. Also on the upper green a new pond was artificially formed for watering cattle. The new town gradually extended along the Merrimac River to the mouth of the Artichoke River. It appears that all desirable land in this region was apportioned among the freeholders by October 1646. The land beyond was ordered to lie perpetually common. This tract of common land was a part of Newbury and what is now West Newbury. The Indian threat had disappeared as most of the Indians in the region had been exterminated by an epidemic. The first record of an Indian living in Newbury is in January 1644, when a lot was granted to “John Indian”. In 1639 Edward Rawson began the manufacture of gun powder in what was probably America’s first powder mill. Newbury had a trial for witchcraft thirteen years before the trials in Salem. In 1679 Elizabeth Morse, sister-in-law to our ancestor, Anthony, was accused. She was condemned three times to die, but was reprieved and spent her last years in her home at what is now Market square in Newburyport. The first American born silversmith was Jeremiah Dummer of Newbury, who apprenticed to John Hull, an Englishman. He practiced his trade at what is now Newburyport. Jeremiah was the father of Governor William Dummer the founder of Gov. Dummer Academy. Jeremiah’s brother-in-law John Coney, engraved the plates for the first paper money made in America. In 1686, when the upper Commons (West Newbury) were divided among the freeholders of the town of Newbury, Pipestave Hill was covered with a dense forest of oak and birch. These trees were cut and used to make staves for wine casks and molasses hogsheads. For many years, this industry, the first of its kind in American, flourished and the place is still called Pipestave Hill. Limestone was discovered in Newbury in 1697. Previous to this all the lime used for building was obtained from oyster and clam shells. Mortar made from this lime was very durable and came in time, to be almost as hard as granite. This business prospered for many years until a superior quality of lime was discovered elsewhere. The first toll bridge and shipyard in America were also in Newbury. The latter giving rise to the ship building industry, which was to determine the prosperity of Newburyport in the coming centuries. In West Newbury, in 1759, Enoch Noyes began making horn buttons and coarse combs of various kinds. This was the beginning of the comb making business in Newbury and other places. This business continued and grew, moving to Newburyport inn its later years, closing in 1934. Lt Gov. William Dummer, in his will of 1761 directing that a school house be erected on the most convenient part of his farm. In 1762, the first schoolhouse was erected, a low one story building about twenty feet square commencing its sessions in 1783, this is the oldest boarding school in America. In 1764, that part of Newbury, which had become the commercial center was divided off and made Newburyport. This action relegated Newbury to a rural and fishing community. Today Newbury is a quiet New England town, rich in heritage, the birthplace of many things American, not the least of which is an abiding reverence for our past. The Landing at Parker River from Ould Newbury – Historical and Biographical Sketches by John L. Currier *196 – Damrell and Upham, Boston, Mass. debthomas660debthomas660 originally shared this to Thomas/Jones Family Tree22 Aug 2009

William Gifford of Sandwich, MA

December 7, 2013

My 9th great-grandfather was one of the Quakers of Sandwich plantation who were heavily persecuted by the Pilgrims of Plymouth.  He owned property when he died in New Jersey, which was controlled by the Dutch.

William Gifford arrived in New England after 1643, as he does not appear among those able to bear arms in that year. The first record of him is in the list of debts due on the inventory of Joseph Holiway of Sandwich dated 4 December 1647: “dew from Willi Gifford” 3s. 4d. On 4 June 1650 he served on the Grand Enquest. The original deed for the Sandwich plantation was executed by Governor William Bradford 22 May 1651. It ordered that Goodman (Thomas) Tupper, Goodman (Thomas) Burges, Sr., Nathaniel Willis, and William Gifford have the power to call a town meeting.Both Brown, and Daniels & McLean say that by 1651 he was married and had a family; that he probably married in England, and children John, Patience and Hannaniah were probably born in England. Birth records are available for only the last four of his nine children; the birth dates of the older children are estimated based upon the birth dates of their first children. There is a sizeable gap in these estimated dates between Hannaniah and William, suggesting William, Robert, Christopher and Mary may have been by a second wife. Only the last wife, Mary Mills, is of record; she is the mother of the last two children, Jonathan and James.
There is a record in England of a “Guilielm Gifford” (i.e., William Gifford) who married Elizabeth Grant on 11 February 1635 in St. Martin-in-the-Fields, London. Also, the London Merchant Taylors’ Guild shows a record: “William Gifford, son of Anthi (sic) Gifford of Dublin in the kingdom of Ireland, gentleman, apprenticed to Thomas Southerne of New Exchange, London, for a period of seven years from 7 December 1628.” Apprentices were forbidden to marry, so this would mean the apprenticed William Gifford would have been given his freedom 7 December 1635, in perfect time to be the one who married 11 February 1635/1636. Also, the records of St. Martin-in-the-Fields show that an Ananias Gifford married Maria Read on 18 November 1621. Ananias (also spelled Hananias, Hannaniah and Annaniah) is a relatively rare name. William named one of his sons Hannaniah, and the name has been carried down in the family. Also, the name occurs in the Giffords of Dry Drayton, county Cambridge, England. But it cannot be proven that these English records apply to the family of William Gifford of Sandwich.
Nor can the English ancestry of William Gifford of Sandwich be proven, according to Daniels & McLean. “English Giffords can be traced back to Normandy at the time of William the Conqueror when most branches usually spelled the name Giffard. Inevitably the temptation to connect the Sandwich Giffords with these celebrated families has produced a rash of printed accounts in which the connection is stated as fact but without solid references. (Cutter’s “Genealogical History of Western New York,” 2:901; “History of Bristol County, Mass.;” “Vineland (N.J.) Historical Magazine,” 3:32; “Seabury-Gifford Families,” Hartford (Conn.) 1941) In view of the fact that highly skilled professional genealogists have found no proof as yet of such connections, it can only be said that evidence has yet to be found to confirm these wishful thoughts.”
William Gifford of Sandwich was a Quaker, and as such, suffered persecution for his faith. “Little Compton Families” says “It is supposed that he was the William Gifford who in 1647 or earlier was ordered by the court at Stanford to be whipped and banished.” On 1 June 1658, he was one of a dozen men who “all of Sandwich were summoned, appeared to give a reason for theire refusing to take the Oath of Fidelitie to this government and unto the State of England, which again being tendered them in open court, they refused, saying they held it unlawful to take any oath att all.” At the court held 2 October 1658, they were fined L5 each. At the court held 1 March 1658/1659 George Barlow, Marshall for Sandwich, Barnstable and Yarmouth, complained against William Gifford and Edward Perry in an action of defamation, asking damages of L100, in saying he took a false oath. The defendants were ordered to pay 50s and make their acknowledgement publically, or else be fined L5 plus costs. As Quakers, they could not accept the verdict, and at the 2 October court William Gifford and 11 other Friends were fined L5 for refusing to take the Oath of Fidelitie. At the June 1660 court Gifford was again summoned to take the oath, again refused, and was again fined L5. In October 1660, for persisting in his refusal and for attending Quaker meeting, he was fined L57 — an enormous sum for those times. At this point he disappears from the records, and may have left Plymouth colony, but where he went is unknown. It has been suggested that he went to New Jersey which, like New Amsterdam, was then under the control of the Dutch. On 8 April 1665 William Gifford was one of the signers of the Monmouth (NJ) Patent, but there is no evidence he actually settled there; his sons Christopher and Hannaniah did, however. In a deed by his son Christopher William was described as a tailor.
On 10 November 1670 Mr. Gifford bought from mistress Sarah Warren of Plymouth, widow of Richard Warren, one half her share in the land at Dartmouth, which he gave equally to his sons Christopher and Robert by deed dated 6 May 1683. In 1673 William Gifford purchased land in Suckanesset (Falmouth) from the Indian Sachem, Job Noantico. Gifford continued to appear in Sandwich town records and in records of the Sandwich Friends meeting, and he married Mary Mills, also of Sandwich, at the Friends Meeting of 16 day 5 mo: 1683. Thirty witnesses signed the certificate, but none of William Gifford’s children signed the document, nor did James Mills, Mary’s brother.

William Gifford (1615 – 1687)
is your 9th great grandfather
John Gifford (1640 – 1708)
son of William Gifford
Yelverton Gifford (1676 – 1772)
son of John Gifford
Ann Gifford (1715 – 1795)
daughter of Yelverton Gifford
Frances Congdon (1738 – 1755)
daughter of Ann Gifford
Thomas Sweet (1759 – 1844)
son of Frances Congdon
Valentine Sweet (1791 – 1858)
son of Thomas Sweet
Sarah LaVina Sweet (1840 – 1923)
daughter of Valentine Sweet
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Sarah LaVina Sweet
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Goodith Gilman, Pilgrim Mother

November 21, 2013 9 Comments

marriage record

marriage record

coat of arms (with leg)

coat of arms (with leg)

Goodith's grave

Goodith’s grave

My 12th great-grandmother arrived in Massachusetts Colony before 1632, and joined the church in Charlestown with her well respected husband.  Her unusual first name is often misspelled in records, but it is an old English name.

Note: From “The Great Migration Begins…”: :’Goodith’ was a distinct given name, not to be confused with ‘Judith’, and not to be interpreted as ‘Goodwife,’ as has been done. “The Winthrop Society shows Goodith’s birth as circa 1585 and death as before 1632.
Judith Gillman was also known as Goodith Gillman. She was born in 1594 at Bermondsey, London, England. On 22 April 1606 at St. Olive, Southwork, Surrey, England, Judith married William Learned. Judith Gillman and William Learned were admitted to the church on 6 December 1632 at Woburn, Middlesex County, Massachusetts. Judith Gillman died on Friday, 24 June 1661 at Malden, Middlesex County, Massachusetts, at age 67 years.
[S466] Ancestral File. Family History Library, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake County, Utah, 1994. [S14] Wyman, Thomas Bellows. The Genealogies and Estates of Charlestown, Massachusetts 1629-1818. 1879. Reprint Somersworth, New Hampshire: New England History Press, 1982.

WILLIAM LEARNED d. Woburn, MA 1 Mar 1646, m. GOODITH GILMAN, d. 24 Jan 1661.

William Learned came from Bermondsey, Surrey, England and settled at Charlestown in the Massachusetts Bay in or before 1632, possibly in 1630 with the Winthrop fleet. He and his wife Judith were admitted to the First Church of Charlestown on Dec. 6, 1632, their names being the first two on the list of members. “1632, 10 mo., day 6, William Learned and Goodeth, his wife, were admitted”, being the first admissions after the separation from the Boston Church. He became a freeman on May 14, 1634 and a Selectman on Feb. 13, 1635-6. On March 2, 1637 he was chosen one of four to divide, for stinting, the common land, and on Feb. 12, 1637-8 he and Mr. Greene were appointed to settle the wages of the school-master.[2] On April 26, 1638 William Learned and five others were on a committee “to consider of some things tending toward a body of laws”

William was a subscriber to the town orders for Woburn, drawn up at Charlestown Dec. 18, 1640. In 1641 William moved to Woburn where he was one of the seven original members of the church on August 14, 1642. He was chosen constable April 13, 1643 and Selectman of Woburn in 1643 and 1645. These offices were only given to trusted and respected men.

Goodith Gillman (1592 – 1661)
is my 12th great grandmother
Sarah Learned (1604 – 1652)
daughter of Goodith Gillman
Mary Ewer (1637 – 1693)
daughter of Sarah Learned
Mehitable Jenkins (1655 – 1684)
daughter of Mary Ewer
Isaac Hamblin (1676 – 1710)
son of Mehitable Jenkins
Eleazer Hamblin (1699 – 1771)
son of Isaac Hamblin
Sarah Hamblin (1721 – 1814)
daughter of Eleazer Hamblin
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
daughter of Sarah Hamblin
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Mercy Hazen
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Captain Michael Pierce, 9th Great Grandfather

September 16, 2013 29 Comments

oldest Veteran's memorial in the US

oldest Veteran’s memorial in the US

My 9th great grandfather was killed by my 11th great uncle.  King Philip’s War was fought between the Wampanoag people and the colonists of Plymouth.  This is the first, but not the last, war on American soil in which I had ancestors on both sides of the conflict. The memorial that commemorates this event is in preset day Providence, RI.  It is the oldest Veterans memorial in the US.  The vanquished native people were sent to the West Indies and sold into slavery.  Nobody knows where the graves of my Wampanoag ancestors are.

Captain Michael Pierce was born in 1615 and died in1676. He and his descendants form the first American generation of Pierces in our family tree. Michael Pierce immigrated to the New World in the early 1640s from Higham, Kent, England to Scituate, in what later became Massachusetts. The ten year period from 1630 to 1640 is know as The Great Migration. During this period, 16,000 people, immigrated to the East Coast of North America.

Brother of famous Colonial Sea Captain, William Pierce. Captain Michael Pierce was the brother of the famous Colonial sea captain, William Pierce, who helped settle Plymouth Colony. Captain Michael Pierce played a significant role in the Great Migration. Historical records show that this one sea captain crossed the Atlantic, bringing settlers and provisions to the New World more frequently than any other. He had homes in London, the Bahamas and Rhode Island. He played a central role in the government of the early colonies. He was killed at Providence, one of the Bahama Islands, in 1641.

There were actually four Pierce brothers who made their mark on the New World: John Pierce (the Patentee), Robert Pierce, Captain William Pierce, and Captain Michael Pierce. All were grandsons of Anteress Pierce, and sons of Azrika Pierce and his wife Martha.

Marries Persis Eames. In 1643, Michael Pierce married Persis Eames of Charleston Massachusetts. His wife was born in Fordington, Dorsetshire England 28 October 1621. She was the daughter of Anthony Eames and Margery Pierce.

Pierce Family Moves to Scituate. Michael and Persis Pierce’s first child, a daughter, was born in 1645 and named Persis in honor of her mother. Unfortunately, their first child died in 1646 at one year of age. The new family settled first in Higham, but moved in 1676 to Scituate, where the Pierce family continued to reside for most of the next century. Scituate is located some 10 miles north of the original Plymouth colony. It was settled as early as 1628 by a group of men from Kent, England.

In 1646, Benjamin Pierce, their second child, a son and heir, was born. This son, Benjamin Pierce, fathered the second Pierce generation in this family tree. Twelve other children were born over the coming years: Ephraim, Elizabeth, Deborah, Sarah, Mary, Abigail, Anna, Abiah, John, Ruth and Peirsis.

Erected First Saw-Mill. Michael Pierce resided on a beautiful plain near the north river and not far form Herring brook. He assisted in erecting the first saw-mill. The mill was the first one erected in the colony. It is believed that Samuel Woodworth (1784-1842) wrote the song, “The Old Oaken Bucket,” concerning this river and mill in Scituate. Samuel Woodworth’s grandfather, Benjamine Woodworth, witnessed the signing of Captain Michael Pierce’s will, on January 1675. The lyrics to this classic American folk tune are given below:
How dear to this heart are the scenes of my childhood, When fond recollection presents them to view, The orchard, the meadow, the deep tangled wildwood, And ev’ry lov’d spot which my infancy knew. The wide spreading stream, the mill that stood near it, The bridge and the rock where the cataract fell. The cot of my father, the dairy house by it, And e’en the rude bucket that hung in the well. The old oaken bucket, the ironbound bucket, The moss-covered bucket that hung in the well. The moss-covered bucket I hail as a treasure, For often at noon when returned from the field, I found it the source of an exquisite pleasure, The purest and sweetest that nature can yield. How ardent I seized it with hands that were glowing, And quick to the white pebbled bottom it fell. Then soon with the emblem of truth overflowing, And dripping with coolness it rose from the well. The old oaken bucket, the ironbound bucket, The moss-covered bucket that hung in the well. How soon from the green mossy rim to receive it, As poised on the curb it reclined to my lips, Not a full flowing goblet could tempt me to leave it, Tho’ filled with the nectar that Jupiter sips. And now far removed from the loved situation, The tear of regret will intrusively swell. As fancy reverts to my father’s plantation, And sighs for the bucket that hung in the well. The old oaken bucket, the ironbound bucket, The moss-covered bucket that hung in the well.

Captain in the Local Militia Fighting the Indians. Unlike his famous brother, Captain William Pierce, Michael Pierce was not a sea captain. He attained the title, Captain, from the Colony court in 1669. Historical records show that he was first given the rank of Ensign under Captain Miles Standish, then later, in 1669, he was made Captain. These titles reflects his role as a leader in the local militia formed to protect the colony from the Indians.

Honored for Heroism in King Phillip’s War. Captain Michael Pierce’s memory is well-documented in American history. He is honored for the brave manner in which he died in defense of his country. The exact manner in which he died is repeated in more than 20 books and letters detailing the military history of the King Phillip’s War. This war took place between 1675 and 1676, and remains one of the bloodiest conflicts in American history. It was also a pivotal point in early American history. Although the English colonists were ultimately victorious over the Indians, it took the colonies over 100 years to recover from the economic and political catastrophy brought about by this conflict.

The battle in which Captain Michael Pierce lost his life is detailed in Drakes Indian Chronicles (pp. 220-222) as follows:

“Sunday the 26th of March, 1676, was sadly remarkable to us for the tidings of a very deplorable disaster brought into Boston about five o’clock that afternoon, by a post from Dedham, viz., that Captain Pierce of Scituate in Plymouth Colony, having intelligence in his garrison at Seaconicke, that a party of the enemy lay near Mr. Blackstorne’s, went forth with sixty-three English and twenty of the Cape Indians (who had all along continued faithful, and joyned with them), and upon their march discovered rambling in an obscure woody place, four or five Indians, who, in getting away from us halted as if they had been lame or wounded. But our men had pursued them but a little way into the woods before they found them to be only decoys to draw them into their ambuscade; for on a sudden, they discovered about five hundred Indians, who in very good order, furiously attacked them, being as readily received by ours; so that the fight began to be very fierce and dubious, and our men had made the enemy begin to retreat, but so slowly that it scarce deserved the name, when a fresh company of about four hundred Indians came in; so that the English and their few Indian friends were quite surrounded and beset on every side. Yet they made a brave resistance for about two hours; during which time they did great execution upon their enemy, who they kept at a distance and themselves in order. For Captain Pierce cast his sixty-three English and twenty Indians into a ring, and six fought back to back, and were double – double distance all in one ring, whilst the Indians were as thick as they could stand, thirty deep. Overpowered with whose numbers, the said Captain and fifty-five of his English and ten of their Indian friends were slain upon the place, which in such a cause and upon such disadvantages may certainly be titled “The Bed of Honor.” However, they sold their worthy lives at a gallant rate, it being affirmed by those few that not without wonderful difficulty and many wounds made their escape, that the Indians lost as many fighting men in this engagement as were killed in the battle in the swamp near Narragansett, mentioned in our last letter, which were generally computed to be above three hundred.”

Today, in Scituate, there is a Captain Pierce Road.
In Cumberland, Rhode Island, there is a monument called Nine Men’s Misery. A tablet near the monument reads:

NINE MEN’S MISERYON THIS SPOT WHERE
THEY WERE SLAIN
BY THE INDIANS
WERE BURIED
THE NINE SOLDIERS
CAPTURED IN
PIERCE’S FIGHT
MARCH 26, 1676

The monument is located in a dark, place in the woods, near a former monastery. The monastery is now a public library. The monument consists of little more than a pile of stones cemented together by a monk and marked with a plaque. However, this site is of major historical significance because it is concidered to be the oldest monument to veterans in the United States.


1. Captain Michael Pierce born 1615; died 3/26/1676.
married Persis Eames, 1643 (born. Oct. 28, 1621; died Dec. 31,1662). Micheal Pierce and Persis Eames had these 13 children:
2. Persis Pierce, born 1645. Persis died 1646 at 1 year of age. 3. >>>Benjamin Pierce, born 1646. 4. Ephraim Pierce, born 1647. Ephraim died 1719 at 72 years of age. 5. Elizabeth Pierce, born 1649. She married a Holbrook and gave birth to Captain Michael Pierce’s only two grandchildren at the time of his death who are mentioned in his will: Elizabeth Holbrook and Abigail Holbrook. 6. Deborah Pierce, born 1650. 7. Sarah Pierce, born 1652. 8. Mary Pierce, born 1654. She married Samuel Holbrook, 23 June 1675. Samuel was born in Weymouth, Mass 1650. Samuel was the son of William Holbrook and Elizabeth Pitts. Samuel died 29 October 1712 at 62 years of age. Mary Pierce and Samuel Holbrook had the following six children: Persis, Elizabeth, Bethiah, Samuel, Elizabeth, and Mary. 9.Abigail Pierce, born 1656. Abigail died 1723 at 67 years of age. 10. Anna Pierce, born 1657. 11. Abiah Pierce, born 1659. She married Andrew Ford. 12. John Pierce, born 1660. John died 28 June 1738 at 77 years of age. He married Patience Dodson 12 December 1683. 13. Ruth Pierce, born 1661. 14. Peirsis Pierce, born 1662. Persis 3 December 1695. She married Richard Garrett, 3rd, who was born in 1659. They lived in Scituate, Mass. and had three children: John (born 1706), Anna, and Deborah.
married Mrs. Annah James sometime soon after 1662. They had no children. Captain Michael Pierce remained married to Annah Pierce until his death. Annah Pierce is well provided for in his will.

Michael  Pierce (1615 – 1676)
is my 9th great grandfather
Ann Pierce (1640 – 1655)
daughter of Michael Captain Pierce
Sarah Kinchen (1655 – 1724)
daughter of Ann Pierce
Philip Raiford (1689 – 1752)
son of Sarah Kinchen
Grace Raiford (1725 – 1778)
daughter of Philip Raiford
Sarah Hirons (1751 – 1817)
daughter of Grace Raiford
John Nimrod Taylor (1770 – 1816)
son of Sarah Hirons
John Samuel Taylor (1798 – 1873)
son of John Nimrod Taylor
William Ellison Taylor (1839 – 1918)
son of John Samuel Taylor
George Harvey Taylor (1884 – 1941)
son of William Ellison Taylor
Ruby Lee Taylor (1922 – 2008)
daughter of George Harvey Taylor
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Ruby Lee Taylor

When I read that he’d died during the Great Swamp Fight, it peaked my interest so I bought a book called King Philip’s War The History and Legacy of America’s Forgotten Conflict, by Eric B. Schultz and Michael J. Tougias.  The following is an excerpt from the book describing Michael Pierce’s involvement in the conflict.

KING PHILIP’S WAR

PIERCE’S FIGHT, CENTRAL FALLS, RHODE ISLAND

The ambush of Captain Michael Pierce and his Plymouth Colony soldiers

occurred on Sunday, March 26, 1676, in the present-day city of Central

Falls, Rhode Island. Sometimes attributed to the Narragansett sachem

Canonchet, this ambush was in many respects a textbook military operation.

Several friendly natives escaped the engagement, but only nine English

survived, and these nine men were later discovered dead several miles

north of Central Falls in present-day Cumbedand, Rhode Island, a site now

known as Nine Men’s Misery. Not only was the ambush deadly for Pierce

and his men, but it was devastating to the morale of the colonies which, on

the very same day, witnessed the murder of settlers in Longmeadow, Massachusetts,

the burning of Marlboro, Massachusetts, and the destruction of

Simsbury, Connecticut.

Pierce, a resident of Scituate, Massachusetts, had gathered in Plymouth

a force of Englishmen from Scituate, Marshfield, Duxbury, Eastham, and

Yarmouth, supported by twenty friendly natives from Cape Cod. Together,

this band marched to Taunton, then along the Old Seacuncke Road

(Tremont Street) to Rehoboth (now East Providence, Rhode Island).

There, they were joined by several men from Rehoboth, expanding their total

number to sixty-three English and twenty friendly natives.

Reports indicated that a large group of the enemy had gathered in the

area of Pawtucket Falls, an ideal location from which to catch alewives,

salmon, and shad, and a natural fording spot in the river.149Pierce and his

men set out in pursuit. On Saturday, March 25, they skirmished with the

Narragansett, perhaps north of the falls, where, historian Leonard Bliss

concludes, Pierce “met with no loss, but judged he had occasioned considerable

to the enemy.”

It is not unreasonable to think that Pierce had skirmished with a small

patrol sent intentionally to meet and test the English-an exercise broken

off by the natives once they had gathered information on the size and”

strength of their opponent. In any event, Pierce met no other natives and returned

for the night to the garrison at Old Rehoboth. Meanwhile, armed

with information from the skirmish, native leaders undoubtedly set to work

devising a trap for the English troops.

On Sunday, March 26, Pierce and his troops returned to the field, probably

marching from present-day East Providence, north along the Seekonk

River (which becomes the Blackstone River), back toward Pawtucket Falls.

It is said that as they marched, they were watched by Narragansett from

Dexter’s Ledge, now the site of Cogswell Tower in Jenks Park, Central Falls

(rough distance and heavily wooded terrain made this questionable).

Somewhere close to the Blackstone, perhaps near a fording spot where

Roosevelt Avenue now crosses the river, in what Bliss describes as an

“obscure woody place,” they spotted four or five Narragansett fleeing as

if wounded or hurt. Had a more experienced commander witnessed this

show, he might have immediately fallen back. However, Pierce and his

troops charged after the bait, suddenly finding themselves surrounded by

“about 500 Indians, who, in very good order, furiously attacked them.”

Pierce apparently met the ambush on the eastern side of the Blackstone,

but crossed to the western side, where the natives were engaged in force. A

contemporary account of the battle by an anonymous Boston merchant,

paraphrased by Bliss, made the English out to be as heroic as possible, but

the devastation was complete:

Our men had made the enemy retreat, but so slowly, that it scarce deserved

the name; when a fresh company of about 400 Indians came in,

so that the English and their few Indian friends, were quite surrounded

and beset on every side. Yet they made a brave resistance for above two

hours, during all which time they did great execution upon the enemy,

whom they kept at a distance, and themselves in order. For Captain

Pierce cast his 63 English and 20 Indians into a ring and fought back to

back, and were double-double distance all in one ring, whilst the Indians

were as thick as they could stand thirty deep: overpowered with

whose numbers, the said captain, and 55 of his English, and 10 of their

Indian friends were slain upon the place; which, in such cause, and

upon such disadvantages, may certainly be styled the bed of honour.

It is unlikely, of course, that nine hundred natives participated in the ambush.

Nor does it seem logical that eighty-three men, disadvantaged by surprise,

terrain, and numbers, would have much chance of forcing even four

hundred warriors to retreat. (Contemporary writers reported that Pierce

and his men killed 140 of their enemy, a figure undoubtedly inflated.)

However, if Pierce and his troops crossed the Blackstone near present-day

Roosevelt Avenue, the battle may have moved northward along the river to

a spot near present-day Macomber Field on High Street, where a commemorative

marker was placed in 1907. The marker reads:

PIERCE’S FIGHT

NEAR THIS SPOT

CAPTAIN MICHAEL PIERCE

AND HIS COMPANY OF

PLYMOUTH COLONISTS

AMBUSHED AND OUTNUMBERED WERE

ALMOST ANNIHILATED

By THE INDIANS

MARCH 26 1676

ERECTED By THE STATE OF RHODE ISLAND

IN 1907

A visit to this site today places the traveler in a heavily industrialized area

surrounded by factories and baseball fields. It is worth remembering, however,

that Central Falls was once the “North Woods” of Providence and

remained only sparsely settled throughout the eighteenth century.

Marching along, Pierce would have seen a wooded land of oak, walnut,

chestnut, and birch trees with three falls (Pawtucket to the south, Valley to

the north, and Central near the crossing at Roosevelt Avenue) supplying the

Narragansett with rich fishing grounds. ’59Bycontrast, present-day Central

Falls is so densely built that the Blackstone River is all but invisible from

nearby Cogswell Tower.

Not all of Pierce’s troops died in the ambush. Several of the friendly natives

devised ingenious means of escape. One blackened his face with powder

like the enemy and passed through their lines without incident.16oAnother

pretended to chase his comrade with a tomahawk, the two running past

their enemies and on to safety.161It appears also that nine English soldiers

escaped death during the ambush, though the details of their story are conjecture

only. One tradition holds that they had gone ahead of the main body

of troops and were chased into present-day Cumberland, where they made

their stand against a large rock and all perished.161

A more plausible explanation is that these nine survived the ambush,

were taken prisoner, and were marched northward about three miles to a

piece of upland surrounded by swamp known as Camp Swamp. Here, upon

a large rock, they were executed. It was several weeks before their bodies

were found, scalped and uncovered, on this rock. The men were buried

some seventy yards northeast of the rock in a common grave. Above this

grave a heap of small stones was used to construct a fourteen-foot-Iong

stone wall, some three feet high and one foot wide at the base. To this

day, residents know this place as Nine Men’s Misery.

In the early twentieth century a cairn of stones (since damaged) was

placed over the spot, and in 1928 a granite marker was set by the Rhode Island

Historical Society. The marker reads:

NINE MEN’S MISERY

ON THIS SPOT

WHERE THEY WERE SLAIN BY

THE INDIANS

WERE BURIED THE NINE SOLDIERS

CAPTURED IN PIERCE’S FIGHT

MARCH 26, 1676

The cairn and marker can be found near the former Cistercian Monastery

on Diamond Hill Road, about six-tenths of a mile south of Route 295 in

Cumberland. (These grounds are now home to the Hayden Library, the

Northern Rhode Island Collaborative School, the Cumberland Senior Citizens

Department, and other city services.) A dirt road, heading northnortheast

from the northeast corner of the grounds, leads directly to the

site, which requires about a quarter-mile walk. (Many residents walk and

jog in this area and are able to point a visitor in the right direction.)

Around the time of the American Revolution a physician dug up remains

from the grave, identifying one skeleton as that of Benjamin Buckland

of Rehoboth by its large frame and double set of teeth.r65 When the

Catholic Order of Monks purchased the land, remains of the men killed at

Nine Men’s Misery were dug up and given to the Rhode Island Historical

Society. During the 1976 bicentennial celebration, after the land had been

turned over to the town of Cumberland for its use, the bones were reburied

at their original site.

 

John Flood, Kent to Virginia

July 18, 2013 1 Comment

Jamestown

Jamestown

My 10th great-grandfather sailed to America in 1610, settling in Virginia.  He became the official interpreter for the colony, and served in many other public service capacities.

John Flood (1595 – 1658)

is my 10th great grandfather
daughter of John Flood
son of Mary Flood
daughter of Richard Washington
daughter of Elizabeth Washington
daughter of Elizabeth Lanier
son of Martha Burch
daughter of David Darden
daughter of Minerva Truly Darden
daughter of Sarah E Hughes
son of Lucinda Jane Armer
daughter of George Harvey Taylor
I am the daughter of Ruby Lee Taylor

Notes- John Flood alias Fludd sailed from London aboard the ship “SS Swan(n)” in the summer of 1610 and landed at Jamestowne, Virginia, America in the same year. The passenger list describes him as “a gent” (gentleman). He took with him a considerable supply of provisions, including “corn, pease and beanes”, and also firearms and ammunition. He was the son of Nicholas Fludd, who was a younger son of Sir Thomas Fludd, a wealthy land owner living at Millgate, Bearsted, Kent. Nicholas married Elizabeth Davis at St. Andrews Church, Canterbury, Kent in February 1588/9.Initially John would have worked for various employers but he is known to have been employed in 1616 by The Reverend Alexander Whitaker, in Charles City, a settlement just to the west of Jamestowne, who is reputed to have converted Princess Pocahontas to Christianity in c1613. She is said to have been married to John Rolfe by Reverend Bucke at about this time. John was to marry Margaret Finche, widow, in c1624/5. She had arrived in Jamestowne in 1620 aboard the “SS Supply” with her husband William Finche and their daughter Frances. In September 1620 they are recorded as each holding fifty acres of land, but by 1624 William had passed away and John had married the widow Finche and they were living in Jordan’s Journey with their children Frances Finche and William Flood.By 1638 John had accumulated a considerable amount of land including that of his wife by right of marriage, and he was declared an Ancient Planter such that he was entitled to another 100 free acres of land. He was also granted a Patent of 2100 acres of land, where he established his plantation, located on the south side of the James River just opposite the town of Jamestowne. Here their other children were born, John c1627, Thomas c1629, and Mary c1635.His wife Margaret died c1644, leaving John with the young children. A year or so later he married Fortune Jordan, sister of Col. George Jordan, legislator, a member of a well known and influential family of Virginia. Their first daughter Jane, was born soon after and son Walter was born in 1656 when John was aged sixty-four.John served as a Representative in the Virginia House of Burgesses for twenty-two years, representing the areas of Flowerdieu Hundred, Westover and Weyanoke and served at least one term as their Speaker. By 1643 he was one of the representatives of James City County. In 1655 as Colonel John Flood, he was serving as a member of the local militia.At his death in 1658 he was Chairman of the Surry County Commission which held Court and administered the affairs of the County.John survived many hardships including the Indian uprising and massacre of 1644 which caused a break in the Colony’s fur trade. The Indian Treaty of 1646 gave the trade some protection with the erection of 4 forts along the frontier to which the Indians were permitted to come and trade. One of them, Fort Henry, was located on the south side of the James River, on the Appomattox. Across the river from the fort was the home of Captain John Flood, as he was then, who was appointed to the post of official interpreter for the colony.The Grand Assembly held at James City October 5, 1646, enacted the following: “that upon any occasion of a message to the Governor or trade, the said Necotowance and his people the Indians doe repair to fforte Henery, alias Appmattucke fforte, or to the house of Capt. John ffloud, and to no other place or places of the south side of the river, att which places the aforesayd badges of striped stuffe are to be and remaine. Indians found in ceded lands who were not wearing special striped coats picked up at the designated forts were to be killed on sight, and any white illegally entertaining Indians was to be punished severely. Be it also enacted that Capt. John ffloud be interpreter for the collony, and that for his service therin and transporting such Indians as shall be employed from time to tyme to the Gov=r in a message or otherwise, he is to be allowed from the publique the salary of four thousand pounds of tob’o yeerly.”. (The farming of tobacco was so widespread that it was used as a basis for money and trade).FLOOD(from page 301; “VIRGINIA HISTORICAL GENEALOGIES”, by Boddie)Col. John Flood (ca 1595-1658), of James City and Surry Counties, Va., arrived in 1610. In the “Muster Rolls, of Settlers in Virginia, 1624/5” is; “The MUSTER of John Fludd: John Fludd arrived in the ‘Swan’ 1610, Margaret, his wife, in the ‘Supply’ 1620. Frances Finch, her daughter, in the ‘Supply’ 1620, William Fludd, his son, aged 3 weeks”. John Flood was living in Charles City in 1616 and at “Jordan’s Journey” in 1625; in 1638 he patented land and settled in James City County just across the river from Jamestown in the section which in 1652 became Surry County.The above mentioned patent, dated May 12, 1638, was issued to “John Fludd, Gent,” and was for 2100 acres “E. upon land of Capt. Henry Browne, N. upon the maine river, S. into the maine woods & W. upon Benjamine Harrisons marked trees being upon the W. side of Sunken Marsh Cr.”, for transportation of 42 person. On June 7, 1650, “Capt. John Flood, Gent.” surrendered this patent and was given another of 1100 acres “on S. side the river, bounded S.E.S. upon land of Capt. Henry Browne, N.W. by N. upon land of Mr. Charles Foord and Richard Baven.” Among his headrights were listed: John Flood, an Ancient Planter, Margt., his wife, Frances Finch her daughter, John Flood, Junr., Eliza. Browne, John Lawrence, John Wright, Wm. Wood, and others. (“Cavaliers and Pioneers”, pages 86 and 194).On Jan 16, 1643/4, John Flood witnessed the will of Capt. Thomas Pawlett (owner of Westover) who left one silver spoon and one sow shote apiece to his godchildren, Wm. Harris, John Woodson, Tho. Aston, Thomas Fludd, Henry Richley, John Bishop, Tho. Woodward, Tho. Boyse, Tho. Poythers, and William Bayle. (“Title of Westover”, by Dr. Lyon G. Tyler, in Wm & Mary Qrtly, Vol 4, p 151).The Grand Assembly held at James City October 5, 1646, enacted – “That upon any occasion of message to the Gov’r. or trade, the said Necotowance and his people the Indians doe repair to fforte Henery alias Appmattucke fforte, or to the house of Capt. John ffloud, and to no other place or places of the south side of the river, att which places the aforesayd badges of striped stuffe are to be and remaine.” ***”Be it also inacted that Capt. John ffloud be interpreter for the collony, and that for his service therein and transporting such Indians as shall be employed from time to time to the Gov’r. In message or otherwise, he is to be allowed from the publique the salarey of four thousand pounds of tob’o yeerly.”The Grand Assembly held at James City July 5, 1653, ordered – “And the commissioners of York are required that such persons as are seated upon the land of Pamunkey or Chickahominy Indians be removed according to a late act of Assembly made to that purpose, and Coll. John Fludd to go to Tottopottomoy to exam the preceedings of business and to deliver it upon his oath.”John Flood was only a boy when he came to Virginia but he was active and energetic and rose to high honors. He was Burgess for Flowerdieu Hundred in 1630, for Westover, Flowerdewe in September 1632; he was one of the Burgesses for James City County in 1643, 1645, and 1654. He was Captain in 1643 (and probably earlier), Lieutenant-Colonel in 1652, and Colonel in 1653. At his death in 1658, he was Chairman of the Surry County Commission which held Court and administered the affairs of the county; the other commissioners at that time were Lt. Col. Thomas Swann, Capt. George Jordan, Capt. Benjamin Sidway, Mr. George Stephens, Mr. Thomas Warren and Mr. James Mason. He was also Speaker of the House of Burgesses in 1652. (5 V. 185) Spouses1 Margaret Unknown, F Death Date1644Death PlaceVAMarr Dateabt 1624Marr PlaceVAChildrenMary , F (~1635-~1678)2Fortune Jordan, F Birth Date abt 1623 Birth Place England Death Date14 Jul 1668 Age: 45Death Place VA Father Arthur Jordan , MMother? Unknown , F Marr Date 1645 Marr Place VA Children Walter , M (-1722)

My American History, Plymouth to Tucson

July 4, 2013 6 Comments

My single Wampanoag ancestor, Quadequina is the only true American in my tribe. My DNA tests out at 96% from the British Isles. My pedigree is what is known in the US as blue blooded.  My ancestors almost all left Europe in the early 1600’s to colonize America.  They had a religious problem with the locals who were freaking out all over Europe in different religious ways.  Suffice it to say the move to Plymouth or Jamestown was done with more than a little religious arrogance.  The locals here had a perfectly adequate religious practice, but the Pilgrims and Virginians were bound to convert and enslave them in an exciting new monotheistic way.  The God who sailed over with the Pilgrims was that angry, vengeful ,all by himself God who just had no patience or tolerance for the beliefs of others.  This God provided for the English on American soil by making sure the king back home had power to scare the beJesus out of any non-believer.

Imagine the dismay of the locals in Massachusetts when they learned that the colonists not only sucked down their erstwhile property and hunting rights, but planned to take more of the same.  King Philip , AKA my great uncle, planned and executed a revolution against the colonists, which is when things got ugly quickly and forever. When I visited Mashpee, the land that was given by the English to the tribe, by arrangement with the King in 1655, I thought I would see the graves of the elders who started Thanksgiving.  I was mighty upset with my Pilgrim ancestors, even though one of them married into the tribe, the group in general was highly rude and creepy.  I saw the graves of the Mayflower passengers, and their church….but not a clue as to the location of Quadequina’s resting place.  Bury my heart at Mashpee.

I learned  much about the way American history has been reconstructed, but I also got to meet some young Wampanoag people who have great pride and are reviving the language.  I became very angry again when I found out the wampum belts that document this history are in England…and the tribe asked them to return the property to Mashpee.  Wampum is a shell currency used to create agreements and make purchases.  The belt was a form of contract used to define, for instance, real estate deals made with Brits.  The state of Rhode Island was purchased with wampum.  I have no power to get the wampum artifacts returned, or change the facts of history.  I just wear the wampum I got on Cape Cod as a reminder of by beloved American tribe.  On behalf of 96% of my blood, I apologize.

Gov Thomas Dudley, 10th Great Grandfather

February 27, 2013 2 Comments

Gov Thomas Dudley

Gov Thomas Dudley

Birth:  Oct. 12, 1576, England,Death:  Jul. 31, 1653BostonSuffolk CountyMassachusetts, USAColonist, Colonial Governor. He was the second Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony and member of the first Board of Overseers for Harvard “College.” Born in Northahmpton, England he married Dorothy Yorke and came to the colonies in 1626 as many did to follow the teachings of Reverend John Cotton. He and his wife came to the New World on the “Arabella” and after feeling that Plymouth was too vulnerable for attack by sea he and other members, most notably John Winthrop and Simon Bradstreet traveled up the river to higher ground. They traveled up the river and climbed a hill on the North shore. Local legend states that Dudley then thrust his came into the ground and declared “This is the place.” The location is now the corner of John F. Kennedy and Mount Auburn Streets. It is through this story that Thomas Dudley is considered the founder of Cambridge. Thomas’s wife Dorothy died in 1643 and the next year he married Katherine (Dighton) Hackburne, a widow. They moved from Cambridge and settled in nearby Roxbury. Thomas had eight children in all, five by Dorothy Yorke and three by Katherine Dighton. The most notable of his offspring was Joseph Dudley (born 1647) who became the future royal governor of Massachusetts. Joseph was born when Thomas was 70 years of age. In 1650 as one of his first acts as governor, he signed the charter to Harvard College, establishing the guidelines in which the University still uses for operation today. Harvard’s famed Dudley House is named for him as is Dudley Station in Roxbury on the commuter train line. He also established the Roxbury Latin School during the years he lived in that section of the city, the school is still open today and is considered one of the first public schools in America. He was a founder of the First Church at Boston, where a tablet honoring him was place. (bio by:  R. Digati)
Gov. Thomas Dudley (1576 – 1653)
is my 10th great grandfather
Anne Dudley (1612 – 1672)
daughter of Gov Thomas Dudley
John Bradstreet (1652 – 1718)
son of Anne Dudley
Mercy Bradstreet (1689 – 1725)
daughter of John Bradstreet
Caleb Hazen (1720 – 1777)
son of Mercy Bradstreet
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
daughter of Caleb Hazen
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Mercy Hazen
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Thomas was taken in as an orphan by by his great uncle, Richard Purefoy, brother of his mother’s mother. He lived with them at the Manor Faxton, about 20 miles from Yardley Hastings. At the age of 21 he was commissioned by Queen Elizabeth as a Captain to go to the aid of Henry IV of France at the seige of Amiens by the Spanish. He raised a company of 80 men, but by the time he reached France, the fighting had ended. He worked as steward (business manager) for the Earl of Lincoln, eventually leaving in 1627 (his soon to be son-in-law Simon Bradstreet took the position). He moved to Boston, Lincolnshire, England, and came under the influence of the Rev. John Cotton. He became a Nonconformist, a zealous Puritan and interested in settling in New England with the Mass. Bay Company. In 1629, he was one of the few who established the Mass. Bay Colony.He returned to manage the Earl of Lincoln’s estate until the Earl was imprisoned. Because of the continued persecution of non-conformists, he joined Winthrop’s expedition and sailed to New England aboard the flagship Arbella as Deputy Governor.The fleet arrived at Salem on 12 June 1630 where Governor Endicott and a group of settlers who had emigrated in 1628 had set up a colony but had few supplies.  He moved to Charlestown and was one of the signers of the covenant of the First Church of Charlestown. In 1631 he moved to Newtowne (now Cambridge) and eventually moved to Ipswich. By 1639 he had moved to Roxbury to be nearer to Boston, the capital of the colony.The first general election by Freemen in the colony was held in May 1634 and Thomas Dudley was elected governor (John Winthrop had been governor since the founding of the colony – the people turned against him when it was discovered that he was holding the legislative powers amongst his court of assistants in contradiction to the charter). Dudley was reelected in 1640, 1645 and 1650 and was Deputy Governor for 13 years as well. All offices were for one year terms.

ref:above  information copied from Owings Stone Family genealogy site.

Harvard Charter

Harvard Charter

People of the First Light

February 2, 2013 1 Comment

The Wampanoag tribe is known as the People of the First Light because they lived, hunted, fished and made wampum along the outer banks of New England before the Pilgrims landed. The dawn as viewed on this side of the Atlantic assures one that Europe is distant. New dawn in a new world is powerful natural medicine. As goes the story all across the nation, that medicine proved to be easily hackable by flim flam Euros. The First Light, and all the real estate with a fine view of same was desired by colonial imperialists as soon as they found it. Bare naked greed was employed to occupy the territory, form a government, and launch right into a big fat slave trade with big fat profits. Early in the disagreements King Philip, a native with a following, attempted to oust the invaders. This was used by the colonists as an excuse to starve and otherwise decimate the surviving native inhabitants in order to occupy all their real estate.

These same religious zealots who gave us the Salem witch trials used  the Harvard Indian College as a political ploy to gain financial support in England for conversion of whatever was left of the heathen native people.  This institution in Cambridge, like the Indian boarding schools in the western US, was designed to strip the natives of language and culture in order to make them good Christian citizens.  Why colonize a place if you can’t decimate the population and make good fearful Christians of  the survivors?

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