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Seeking Refuge

September 9, 2015 1 Comment



Many of my ancestors came to North America seeking refuge. Most of them had religious problems in the old country that caused their exodus. My Irish family fled the potato famine in the 19th century.  I don’t think any of my family came to escape war.  When I consider the conditions on a sailing ship in the 17 or 18th century I am amazed that so many survived the journey across the ocean. The earliest arrivals had the most difficult time establishing their culture and society on land that had previously belonged to native peoples.  The European settlers conquered the continent and took control of all natural resources to create comfortable lives for themselves.  Slave labor was one of the practices that made the cultural dominance swift and complete.  The Europeans enslaved Africans and made war on the native people to “win” and develop the land we now occupy. In some places  a natural alliance between slaves, former slaves, and native people developed based on strong mutual distrust of the ruling culture.

In school the manifest destiny business is taught to children as if European culture had been sponsored by European God to spread across the North America.  Very little mention is made of the treatment of the tribes who opposed the conquest.  By the time I was born we had taken all the land we would claim, but had not yet made Hawaii or Alaska states.  We still have territories around the world, including in the South Pacific.  Our political reach extends beyond the boundaries of our nation in obvious ways.  Our military and our intelligence community reach across the globe.  In the name of defending democracy the United States has made many enemies.  In the precarious balance of worldwide power we play the role of peace keeper.  In this role we have fought and are fighting wars on other people’s homeland. No matter which side eventually may surrender the residents who must flee or live in a battle are the real victims of these wars.

Every action has an equal and opposite reaction. The refugees arriving in Europe will not be stopped until the war that they want to escape is contained.  The situation is complicated and strained in every way.  We can see no winners anywhere from London to Afghanistan.  Chaos and suffering are moving across very large landscapes with no remedy in sight.  There is not enough money, infrastructure, or housing to deal with the crisis that will continue to flow into Europe.  This is the most serious issue in the world right now.  Containing the disaster and stopping the violence deserves all civilization’s attention.  Compassion is the only responsible response.

Jaime I Mallorc, 23rd Great-Grandfather

June 7, 2014 5 Comments

Jaime I Mallorc is my ancestor two times.  Two of his children became my ancestors, Isabella and Peter, both leading to Ann Dudley, Pilgrim poet.  She has the most royal of pedigrees. This is just one of them. She wrote about God and religion, but her DNA contained the royal history of Europe, crusades and all.  Jaime was one of those royals who had his first marriage annulled when he wanted to marry another woman.

Jaime I Mallorc (1207 – 1276)
is my 23rd great grandfather
Isabella DeAragon (1247 – 1271)
daughter of Jaime I Mallorc
Charles DeValois (1270 – 1325)
son of Isabella DeAragon
Jeanne DeVALOIS (1294 – 1342)
daughter of Charles DeValois
Philippa deHainault (1311 – 1369)
daughter of Jeanne DeVALOIS
John of Gaunt – Duke of Lancaster – Plantagenet (1340 – 1399)
son of Philippa deHainault
Philippa Plantagenet (1370 – 1415)
daughter of John of Gaunt – Duke of Lancaster – Plantagenet
Beatrix DePinto (1403 – 1447)
daughter of Philippa Plantagenet
John Fettiplace (1427 – 1464)
son of Beatrix DePinto
Richard Fettiplace (1460 – 1511)
son of John Fettiplace
Anne Fettiplace (1496 – 1567)
daughter of Richard Fettiplace
Mary Purefoy (1533 – 1579)
daughter of Anne Fettiplace
Susanna Thorne (1559 – 1586)
daughter of Mary Purefoy
Gov Thomas Dudley (1576 – 1653)
son of Susanna Thorne
Anne Dudley (1612 – 1672)
daughter of Gov Thomas Dudley
John Bradstreet (1652 – 1718)
son of Anne Dudley
Mercy Bradstreet (1689 – 1725)
daughter of John Bradstreet
Caleb Hazen (1720 – 1777)
son of Mercy Bradstreet
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
daughter of Caleb Hazen
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Mercy Hazen
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
You are the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

James I of Aragon (Spanish: Jaime I, Catalan: Jaume I) (Montpellier February 2, 1208 � July 27, 1276), surnamed the Conqueror, was the king of Aragon, count of Barcelona and Lord of Montpellier from 1213 to 1276.
He was the only child of Peter II of Aragon and Marie of Montpellier. As a child he was a pawn of power politics in Provence, where his father was engaged in struggles in the wars between the Cathars of Albi and Simon de Montfort. Peter endeavoured to placate the northern crusaders by arranging a marriage between his son James and Simon’s daughter, entrusting the boy to be educated in Montfort’s care in 1211, but Peter was soon forced to take up arms against them, and he was slain at the Battle of Muret September 12, 1213. Montfort would willingly have used James as a means of extending his own power. The Aragonese and Catalans, however, appealed to the pope, who forced Montfort to surrender him in May or June 1214.

James was now entrusted to the care of Guillen de Monredon, the head of the Knights Templar in Spain and Provence. The kingdom was given over to confusion till in 1216 the Templars and some of the more loyal nobles brought the young king to Saragossa.

He first married, in 1221, Leonor, daughter of Alfonso VIII of Castile, and then after having the marriage annulled (though a son was declared legitimate), in 1235, Yolande of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary. His children were:

Alfonso (1229-1260), married Constanza de Moncada, Countess of Bigorre
Violante of Aragon (1236-1301), married Alfonso X of Castile
Peter III of Aragon
Constanza of Aragon (1239-1269), married Juan Manuel of Castile, son of Ferdinand III of Castile
James II of Majorca
Isabella of Aragon, married Philip III of France
Sancho, Archbishop of Toledo (1250-1279)

After a false start at uniting Aragon with Navarre through a scheme of mutual adoption, James turned to the south and the Mediterranean, conquered the Balearic Islands (from 1228 over the following four years) and Valencia (the city capitulated September 28, 1238).

With the French, James endeavoured to form a state straddling the Pyrenees, to counterbalance the power of France north of the Loire. As with the earlier Visigothic attempt, this policy was victim of physical, cultural and political obstacles. As in the case of Navarra, he was too wise to launch into perilous adventures. By the Treaty of Corbeil, with Louis IX, signed May, 1258, he frankly withdrew from conflict with the French king, and was content with the recognition of his position, and the surrender of antiquated and illusory French claims to the overlordship of Catalonia.

During his remaining two decades, James warred with the Moors in Murcia, on behalf of his son-in-law Alphonso the Wise of Castile. As a legislator and organizer he occupies a high place among the Spanish kings. The favor he showed his bastards led to protest from the nobles, and to conflicts between his sons legitimate and illegitimate. When one of the latter, Fernan Sanchez, who had behaved with gross ingratitude and treason to his father, was slain by the legitimate son Peter, the old king recorded his grim satisfaction.

At the close of his life King James divided his states between his sons by Yolande of Hungary, Peter receiving the Hispanic possessions on the mainland and James, the Kingdom of Majorca (the Balearic Islands and the counties of Roussillon and Cerdagne) and the Lordship of Montpellier, a division which inevitably produced fratricidal conflicts. The king fell very ill at Alcira, and resigned his crown, intending to retire to the monastery of Poblet, but died at Valencia July 7, 1276.
King James wrote or dictated at various stages a chronicle of his own life, “Llibre Dels Fets” in Catalan, which is the first self-chronicle of a Christian king. As well as a fine example of autobiography the “Book of Deeds” expresses concepts of the power and purpose of monarchy, examples of loyalty and treachery in the feudal order, the growth of national sentiment based on homeland, language and culture, and medieval military tactics.

Sancha of Castile, 24th Great-Grandmother

January 24, 2014 1 Comment

Sancha of Castile

Sancha of Castile

Sancha of Castile

Sancha of Castile

Sancha of Castile was daughter of Alfonso VII of León and Castile and his first wife Berenguela of Barcelona. She was a member of the Castilian House of Burgundy.Sancha was the fifth child of seven born to her parents, and sister of Sancho III of Castile, Ferdinand II of León, Constance, Queen of France, and half-sister of Sancha, Queen of Aragon and predecessor as queen consort, Urraca the Asturian .
In 1157, Sancha married Sancho VI of Navarre. His reign was full of clashes with Castile and Aragon. He was a monastic founder and many architectural accomplishments date to his reign. He is also responsible for bringing his kingdom into the political orbit of Europe.
Sancho and Sancha had six children:
Sancho VII of Navarre
Ramiro, Bishop of Pamplona
Berengaria of Navarre (died 1230 or 1232), married Richard I of England
Blanca of Navarre, married Count Theobald III of Champagne, then acted as regent of Champagne, and finally as regent of NavarreSancha died in 1179, aged forty and she left her husband a widower, he never remarried.

Sancha of Castile (1139 – 1177)
is my 24th great grandmother
daughter of Sancha of Castile
son of Blanche Of Navarre
son of Teobaldo I Navarre
daughter of Henry I Enrique I LeGros Navarre
daughter of Joan I Navarre
son of Lady Isabella England D Capet
son of Edward Plantagenet
daughter of John Gaunt Plantagenet
son of Elizabeth Plantagenet
son of John Holland
son of Henry Holland
son of Henry Holland
son of Henry Holland
son of John Holland
son of Francis Gabriell Holland
daughter of John Holland
son of Mary Elizabeth Holland
son of Richard Dearden
son of George Dearden
son of George Darden
daughter of David Darden
daughter of Minerva Truly Darden
daughter of Sarah E Hughes
son of Lucinda Jane Armer
daughter of George Harvey Taylor
I am the daughter of Ruby Lee Taylor
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