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Elena DeNazzi, Tenth Great-grandmother

September 4, 2014 4 Comments

My 10th great-grandmother was born near Venice and died in London. Her husband was a musician from a musical family hired by Henry VIII to play and compose music in court. She and her husband were probably Jewish in origin.  She is buried in All Hallows Barking, a very old church in London.

Elena DeNazzi (1515 – 1571)
is my 10th great grandmother
Lucreece Lucretia Bassano (1556 – 1632)
daughter of Elena DeNazzi
John Thomas Lanier (1631 – 1719)
son of Lucreece Lucretia Bassano
Sampson Lanier (1682 – 1743)
son of John Thomas Lanier
Elizabeth Lanier (1719 – 1795)
daughter of Sampson Lanier
Martha Burch (1743 – 1803)
daughter of Elizabeth Lanier
David Darden (1770 – 1820)
son of Martha Burch
Minerva Truly Darden (1806 – 1837)
daughter of David Darden
Sarah E Hughes (1829 – 1911)
daughter of Minerva Truly Darden
Lucinda Jane Armer (1847 – 1939)
daughter of Sarah E Hughes
George Harvey Taylor (1884 – 1941)
son of Lucinda Jane Armer
Ruby Lee Taylor (1922 – 2008)
daughter of George Harvey Taylor
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Ruby Lee Taylor

Elina DE NAZZI died on 23 Sep 1571 in All Hallows By The Tower, London, England. She was born in Bassano Del Grappa, Italy

BIOGRAPHY: Elina (Ellen) was the daughter of Beneditto de Nazzi. She was born in Venice, Italy, probably as that is where she married Anthony Bassano on Aug. 10, 1536. He stayed there until their daughter, Angelica was born In Nov. of 1537. One can not help but wonder about the name of their daughter. At least three of the brothers named daughters, Angelica, Angell and Angela, possibly indicating that could be the name of their mother. BIOGRAPHY: Beneditto de Nazzi is considered to possibly be a Jewish name because Nasi or Nasis means ‘leader’ or ‘prince’ in Hebrew. So this makes both families Bassano and de Nazzi probably Jewish.

Edmund Shaw, Lord Mayor of London

June 10, 2014 7 Comments

My 13th great-grandfather was Lord Mayor of  London and a wealthy, influential goldsmith.  My mother was always crazy about gold and jewelry.  She would have been pretty excited to learn one of her ancestor’s healing rings is in the British Museum.  I am excited myself.

Edmund Shaw (1434 – 1487)
is my 13th great grandfather
Elizabeth Shaw (1460 – 1493)
daughter of Edmund Shaw
Thomas Poyntz (1480 – 1562)
son of Elizabeth Shaw
Lady Susanna Elizabeth Poyntz (1528 – 1613)
daughter of Thomas Poyntz
Elizabeth Saltonstall (1557 – 1621)
daughter of Lady Susanna Elizabeth Poyntz
Henry Wyche (1604 – 1678)
son of Elizabeth Saltonstall
Henry Wyche (1648 – 1714)
son of Henry Wyche
George Wyche (1685 – 1757)
son of Henry Wyche
Peter Wyche (1712 – 1757)
son of George Wyche
Drury Wyche (1741 – 1784)
son of Peter Wyche
Mary Polly Wyche (1774 – 1852)
daughter of Drury Wyche
John Samuel Taylor (1798 – 1873)
son of Mary Polly Wyche
William Ellison Taylor (1839 – 1918)
son of John Samuel Taylor
George Harvey Taylor (1884 – 1941)
son of William Ellison Taylor
Ruby Lee Taylor (1922 – 2008)
daughter of George Harvey Taylor
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Ruby Lee Taylor

Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 51Shaw, Edmund
by Charles Welch
SHAW or SHAA, Sir EDMUND (d 1487?), lord mayor of London, was the son of John Shaa of Dunkerfield in Cheshire. He was a wealthy goldsmith and prominent member of the Goldsmiths’ Company, of which he served the office of master. He was elected sheriff in 1474, and on his presentation the members of his company escorted him to Westminster (Herbert, Twelve Great Livery Companies, ii. 219). Shaa became alderman, and in 1485 migrated to the ward of Cheap, on the death of Sir Thomas Hill through the ‘sweating sickness.’ He was elected mayor in 1482, and towards the close of his mayoralty he took an active part in influencing the succession to the crown on the death of Edward IV. Shaa probably had financial dealings with the crown, and his intimacy with Edward IV appears from a bequest in his will for an obit for the soul of that ‘excellent prince’ and his sister, the Duchess of Exeter. He became nevertheless a strong supporter of Richard III, who made him a privy councillor, and whose claims to the throne he and his brother (see below) were doubtless largely instrumental in inducing the citizens to adopt. Shaa appears to have resided in Foster Lane, where, and in the neighbouring West Chepe, the goldsmiths kept their shops. He possessed, and probably occupied, the great mansion, with its adjoining tenements, in Foster Lane, in which Sir Bartholomew Reid had lived (ib. ii. 253).
He died about 1487, and was buried in the church of St. Thomas of Acon, where he founded a chantry for the souls of his wife Juliana (who died in 1493), his son Hugh, and others (Sharpe, Calendar of Husting Wills, ii. 612). This trust, with many singular injunctions attached, he placed under the charge of the Mercers’ Company (Watney, Account of the Hospital of St. Thomas of Acon, pp. 51–3). His will, dated 20 March 1487, was proved in the P. C. C. (Milles 12). Full effect was given to his intentions under the will of Stephen Kelk, goldsmith, who administered Shaa’s bequest under an agreement with his executors (Watney, p. 53; Prideaux, Goldsmiths’ Company, i. 33–4). One of these executors, John Shaa, goldsmith, may have been the Sir John Shaa (knighted on Bosworth Field and made a banneret by Henry VII) who was lord mayor in 1501, or a near relative. By another will, not enrolled, Shaa left four hundred marks for rebuilding Cripplegate, which was carried out by his executors in 1491. He also left property in charge of the Goldsmiths’ Company, producing an annual sum of 17l., to found a school ‘for all boys of the town of Stockport and its neighbourhood,’ in which place his parents were buried. This school was considerably developed and its advantages extended by the Goldsmiths’ Company (Herbert, ii. 252–3). Shaa also directed by his will that sixteen gold rings should be made as amulets or charms against disease, chiefly cramp. One of these rings, found in 1895 during excavations in Daubeney Road, Hackney, is now in the British Museum. On the outside are figures of the crucifixion, the Madonna, and St. John, with a mystical inscription in English; the inside contains another mystical inscription in Latin.
The lord mayor’s brother, Ralph or John Shaw (d. 1484), styled John by More and Holinshed, and Raffe by Hall and Fabyan, may without much doubt be identified with Ralph Shaw, S. T. B., who was appointed prebendary of Cadington Minor in the diocese of London on 14 March 1476–7, and was esteemed a man of learning and ability. He was chosen by the Protector (afterwards Richard III) to preach a sermon at St. Paul’s Cross on 22 June 1483, when he impugned the validity of Edward IV’s marriage with Elizabeth Woodville, and even asserted, according to More, that Edward IV and his brother Clarence were bastards. Fabyan states that he ‘lived in little prosperity afterwards,’ and died before 21 Aug. 1484 (Gairdner, Life of Richard III, 1878, pp. 100–4; FFabyan, Chronicle, 1811, p. 669; More, Life of Richard III, ed. Lumby, pp. 57, 70; Holinshed, Chronicles, ed. Hooker, iii. 725, 729; Hall, Chronicle, 1809, p. 365; Le Neve, Fasti Ecclesiæ Anglicanæ, ii. 372).
[Orridge’s Citizens of London and their Rulers, pp. 116–20; Sharpe’s London and the Kingdom, i. 320–2; Price’s Historical Account of the Guildhall, p. 186; Watney’s Hospital of St. Thomas of Acon, pp. 51–3; Sharpe’s Calendar of Husting Wills, ii. 612–17; Prideaux’s Memorials of the Goldsmiths’ Company, 1896, passim; Notes and Queries, 8th ser. xii. 345.]

Self Destruction, the History of Gin

March 7, 2014 2 Comments

The medicinal use of gin to prevent kidney problems in the tropics was made popular by the British.  It was invented in the 17th century by Dutch medical professor Dr Franciscus Sylvius who called it Genever.  It was pure alcohol flavored with juniper berries.  The medicinal qualities of the berries treated the expatriate Dutch kidney complaints, since juniper is a diuretic.  William of Orange made it popular in the UK.   For almost the entirety of the eighteenth century half the population of England was guzzling gin.  The cheapness and availability made it the curse of lower class London.

Gin and tonic also came about for medicinal treatment, for malaria.  Quinine in tonic water was effective in prevention of malaria for the Brits in tropical parts of the Empire.  One of the greatest fans of this medicinal drink was a medical doctor himself. Graham Chapman of Monty Python stayed drunk with Keith Moon of the Who for the decade of the 1970’s in an homage to the eighteenth century, I suppose.  Dr. Chapman calculated how much gin and tonic would kill a person, and consumed just short of that amount each day.  That is a scientific view of self destruction that is unusual.  It took a toll. Now for Python lovers there will be a revival called One Down Five to Go in London.

Sir Andrew Judde, Mayor of London, 14th Great Grandfather

January 9, 2013 15 Comments

Sir Andrew Judde

Sir Andrew Judde

My 14th great grandfather founded a famous school in Tonbridge in 1553.  He was a trader, a risk taker, and an obvious negotiator. He was the Lord Mayor of London.  He was a very wild thing. My father’s tree has many educators in the branches.

Andrew Judde** (1512 – 1586)

is my 14th great grandfather

Daughter of Andrew
Son of Alice
Son of Sir Thomas
Son of Christopher Lawrence
Son of Col John Speaker Burgess
Son of Capt John
Announcement!!!! I have found an error in this section of the tree.  Augustine Warner, born after Martha Cary is certainly not her father.  I don’t know why I have not caught this in the past, but here it is.  I sadly bid adieu to all the above no longer related to me ancestors of other people.  I was fun learning about you.  You had some very interesting adventures.  Oddly enough while rebuilding Martha’s tree she has a Lord Mayor of Bristol ( rather less of a big deal) in her real tree.
Daughter of Augustine Warner
Daughter of Martha
Son of Mary
Son of Johannes John
Son of Henry
Son of Swain
Daughter of Jerimiah
Son of Minnie M
Son of Ernest Abner
I am daughter of Richard Arden

In 1509 London apprenticed to John Buknell, “a Skinner and Merchant of the Staple of Calais” for 8 years. 23 Mar 1517 First evidence of him as Merchant of the Staple, so released at least a little early from his apprenticeship. On this date he paid the duty for a cargo of wool shipped to Calais. “Thereafter his name occurs frequently“.

In 1520 “took up his freedom as a member of the Skinners’ Company” London. 1520-1521 Fraternity of the Assumption of Our Lady, London; paid 4 shillings “entry money“; high on their list 1524. 1522-1523 Fraternity of Corpus Christi, London; “the account books of the Skinners show … that Andrew Judde paid 20 shillings on becoming one of the ‘Newe Brethern'”.

Mary Mirfyn was born circa 1521. Married Sir Andrew Judde in 1537, London. Died 14

Nov 1550. “Her funeral is entered both in Wriothesley’s Chronicle, and in Machyn’s Diary, both of which have been published by the Camden Society“.

In 1523 London co-executor of his father-in-law’s will with Mirfyn‘s own son. 1533 Master of the Skinners’ Co “and five times thereafter“. Merchant of the Staple of Calais. 12 Jul 1541 Alderman from this date ward of Farringdon without, London. Widowed before 1542? Had had five children with Mary; 2 not in his will. Married Agnes / Annys (—-) in 1542 London; 2nd wife, no children, nothing more known. In 1547 Treasurer  of St Bartholomew’s Hospital, London, when it was remodelled. “Certainly one of the richest and most prominent of overseas merchants in early Tudor London“. 1550 Lord Mayor of London: “he had to deal with the problems caused by dearth and by the 1551 ‘calling down’ of the coinage“. One dau. survived from the 3rd marriage. In May 1553 Tonbridge School obtained letters patent for the erection of a free school with the Skinners’ Company as trustees. One of the Aldermen who signed the device of King Edward VI. In Sep 1555 Staple Inn, London, Felipe of Spain (consort of Queen Mary) passed the night at the Staple Inn, and “Sir Andrew presented the King with a purse containing a thousand marks in gold“. Circa 1556 Skinners Hall, London, Judde and Sir John Champneys donated money for the ceiling of the hall, and the Skinners had the arms of both carved as ornaments for the hall. Between 1556 and 1558 “At this time Sir Andrew was buying manors at Ashford and places adjoining from Sir Anthony Aucher, soon to lose his life at Calais. This estate passed to his daughter Alice and so to her son Sir Thomas Smyth, who in his turn was a benefactor of Tonbridge School“.

1557 and 1558 “Surveyor-general of all the London hospitals” London.

Before 1558 Resided at Eshetisford – Essetisford – Ashford, Kent. Will London; “Sir Andrew Jud, skinner, mayor 1551, erected one notable free school at Tunbridge in Kent, and alms houses nigh St. Helen’s church in London, and left to the Skinners lands to the value of 60 pounds 3 shillings and 8 pence the year; for the which they be bound to pay 20 pounds to the schoolmaster, 8 pounds to the usher, yearly, for ever, and four shollings the week to the six alms people, and 25 shillings and 4 pence the year in coals for ever“.

Buried Sep 1558, St Helen’s Bishopsgate, London. Probate Mar 1558 – 1605 Prerogative Court, Canterbury, Kent, Ref. 58 Noodes, 54 Welles (“De bonis non adm.”) grants, March 1558-9 & Aug 1605. Properties in St. Helene, London and Eshetisford, Kent, “etc.”

Sir Andrew, Six Times Master of the Skinner’s Company

Six times Master of the Skinners’ Company, Mayor of Calais and of London, Merchant Adventurer and Knight, Sir Andrew Judde was a man who took financial risks, grew wealthy and founded in Tonbridge one of the foremost public schools in England.
The Judde arms, with boars’ heads, and Skinners’ Company arms, with ermine, are displayed above the Porter’s Lodge entrance to Tonbridge School.
Judde (also often spelt Judd) was born about 1492, the youngest son of a significant Tonbridge landowner John Judde, whose lands were mainly to the south of the Medway, including Barden Park. His elder brothers inherited most of the estate, so Andrew went to London to seek his fortune. He was apprenticed between 1511 and 1517 to John Buknell, a man involved in both the fur trade, as a member of the Skinners’ Company, and the wool trade as a merchant of Calais – then a strategic port in English hands. Kentish wool was exported there and bought by foreign buyers, so that merchants of the ‘staple’, as Judde became in 1517, benefited from the profits in trade and in currency exchange.
Wool was not the only commodity traded through Calais. Sir Andrew’s name was also linked to trade in gold dust from Guinea, imports of oil and later also the fur trade with Russia. In 1533 he became Master of the Worshipful Company of Skinners, an annual post he was to hold six times. In 1550 he became Lord Mayor of London, when he was involved in a variety of problems ranging from the high price of larks to cases of treason. He was knighted by Edward VI at Westminster in the following year.
In his public life Sir Andrew attracted the favour of both Edward VI and Queen Mary despite the swing from Protestantism to Catholicism, through his overriding loyalty to the Crown. In spite of being nominally a Protestant, in Mary’s reign he was active in defending the city from Wyatt’s anti-Catholic rebellion.
The original building of Judde’s ‘Grammar School’ in Tonbridge, viewed from the High Street, as it was in 1836. (THS 12.003)
In 1553 there were two exciting developments in the life of Sir Andrew Judde. The first was that he received a charter from Edward VI to found a school in Tonbridge. Perhaps wishing to invest some of his wealth for the benefit of the town in which he grew up, he bought 30 acres of pasture land known as ‘sand hills’ just to the south of St. Pancras in London. The rents from this land were to provide funds for the new Tonbridge School, raising the sum of £13: 6s and 8d in 1558. Later, as this land was developed for housing the rents increased substantially, enabling the Skinners’ Company, who took over the management of the charity and governorship of the school on Sir Andrew’s death, to add to the Judde foundation a Workhouse (1720) and three more schools, including the Judd School in Tonbridge (1888) and Skinners’ School in Tunbridge Wells (1887).
The original foundation stone of Tonbridge School has been preserved and is now mounted above the Headmaster’s Entrance.
At its foundation, Tonbridge School was to be free, boarding and a grammar school. The last condition meant that the ‘three tongues’ of Latin, Greek and Hebrew should be taught. Another condition was that the school should be close to the Parish Church for regular worship and as Sir Andrew did not own land near enough, it is thought that he rented or bought land from his nephew Henry, who had just inherited land called ‘Houselands’ close to the centre of Tonbridge. The school opened there in 1553 with just 16 pupils, but now there are a total of about 3,200 children educated in Skinners’ Company schools.
The second important event in 1553 was the despatch of an expedition by the Merchant Adventurers Company of London, of which Sir Andrew was a prominent member. He and others financed the expedition to look for a north east passage through the Arctic to Asia, and to find new markets for English wool. Two of the three ships were lost near Lapland, but the third drifted by accident into the gulf of Archangel and its captain, Richard Chancellor, went on to make the difficult overland journey to Moscow to meet the tsar, Ivan the Terrible. He had with him a letter from the King and from that year the trade with Russia began and the Muscovy Company was created. Richard Judde, Sir Andrew’s son, was with Chancellor on his second expedition to Russia. On that occasion two of the four ships were lost which, with the first expedition, amounts to a less than fifty per cent rate of success. It was a risky enterprise but expeditions continued to be financed by the Company in which Sir Andrew played a leading role, and before long strict rules were drafted to improve safety and therefore the success of the expeditions. One expedition, to Guinea, brought back a rare trophy, the head of an elephant, which Sir Andrew kept in his house to show to visitors.
Sir Andrew Judde died in 1558 and was survived by his third wife, Mary, four sons and two daughters. He is buried in St. Helen’s Church on Bishopsgate in London, and a memorial there, thought to be commissioned by his heirs in about 1600, describes some aspects of his life. It is not thought to be very accurate since, because of his public duties, he never visited Russia and Guinea himself, though he was closely involved in the finance and organisation of expeditions there. The epitaph reads:
In addition to the Judd School, and Judd House at Tonbridge School, Sir Andrew’s name is commemorated by Judd Road in Tonbridge and Judd Street on what is now the Skinners’ Company Estate in St. Pancras.

Copies of An Essay on the Life of Sir Andrew Judde (1849) by George Maberley Smith and Sir Andrew Judde (1953) by H. S. Vere Hodge are in the Local Studies Collection at Tonbridge Reference Library.

Christopher Lewis, London to Virginia

December 4, 2012 6 Comments

London COA

London COA

Christopher Lewis (1581 – 1673)
is my 8th great grandfather
Daughter of Christopher
Daughter of Rebecca
Son of Ann Williams
Son of George
Daughter of David
Daughter of Minerva Truly
Daughter of Sarah E
Son of Lucinda Jane
Daughter of George Harvey
 I am the daughter of Ruby Lee

We see that my 8th great grandfather was in the tobacco business, owning land in Virginia starting in 1635.  Sadly I have found no portraits of him.  From the following data we can make a sketch of his life.  He was born in London.

1635 Christopher Lewis is a headright for a patent of John Upton for 1650 acres on Pagan Point Creek, Isle of Wight County and mentioned again in same land in another patent for 1500 acres adj. Ambrose Bennett (Isle of Wight Deed Book, P. 25, 69, 99)
4 July 1649 400 acres in James City County (Later Surry County) at Blackwater on eastern-most branch pointing up to Chippoakes Creek. (Nugent, p. 183) (Laond Office Patent Book 2, 1643-1651; p. 176)
5 Dec 1651 Christopher Lewis to John Guttridge (Virginia Magazine of History, Vol 5, p. 405)
26 July 1652 750 acres in Isle of Wight one mile to the southwest of Henry White’s Plantation (Cavaliers and Pioneers, Nell Nugent, Vol 1, p. 261)
30 Sept 1652 200 acres to John Burgess (Virginia Magazine of History and Biography Vol 5, p. 404)
2 Apr 1660 On a jury to investigate the death of a man (Surry County Book !, 1652-1672, p. 150)
1 Mar 1661/62 Between Christopher Lewis and Bartholomew Owen, 200 acres on the west side of Gray’s Creek named Great Level (Surry County Records 1652-84, p. 39)
25 Mar 1662 Christopher Lewis and wife Jane to William Foreman for 60 acres of land part of a dividend bought of Christopher Lawson (Lewis, p. 54) (Surry County Book 1, 1652-72, p. 186)
2 June 1662 John Hux to Christopher Lewis, a mare (Lewis, p. 54)
6 May 1662 Bartholomew Owen of Gray’s Creek, Southwarke Parish to Christopher Lewis, certain livestock. (Lewis p. 53) (Surry County Book 1, 1652-72, p. 187)
3 Jan 1665/6 Gyles Linscott of Warrencock, Surry sells to Christopher Lewis, winecooper, certain livestock (Lewis, p. 54)
31 June 1667 Christopher Lewis makes bond with Christopher Lawson for a debt that Thomas Andrews shall have of Anthony Rossey (Lewis, p. 54)
1668 Roger Williams to pay Christopher Lewis £1730 tobacco by court order (Lewis, p. 54)
1674 Bequeathes to the church warden of Southwark Parish “a silver flagon of two quarts measure” to William Thompson minister “1500 lbs of tobacco” and “desires to be buried in ye chancel of ye church and to have a tombstone over me and a funeral sermon” preached for which his executors are to pay. (Surry County Book 2, 1671-1678; pp. 34, and 36)

Virginia Colony

Virginia Colony

10 Aug 1676 Mr. Edward, Clerk, is to record a gift from Christopher Lewis, ded’d to Katherine Owen, daughter of Bartholomew Owen (Surry County Record Book II, (March 1671-July 6, 1684, p. 119)

Sources: Lewis Patriarchs of Early Virginia and Maryland; Robert J.C.K. Lewis, 3rd volume, Heritage Books; Westminster Maryland, 1998.

Christopher Lewis died in Virginia in Sept, 1673. His will mentions paying the minister for the funeral services 1500 lbs of tobacco, not to be paid until 1675. He made clear where he wished to be buried, and that he wanted tombstone and sermon in the exchange. They used British Pound Sterling but It sounds like tobacco was the currency most used.

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