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Humphrey Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, Eighteenth Great-Grandfather

September 8, 2018 2 Comments

Humphrey married Margaret Beaufort, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Eleanor Beauchamp. Her maternal grandparents were Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and his first wife, Elizabeth Beauchamp, 4th Baroness Lisle. She was also a first cousin to Anne Neville, 16th Countess of Warwick and through her cousin-by-marriage to Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick, the so-called “Kingmaker” during the Wars of the Roses. Humphrey and Margaret had a single son Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham (4 September 1455 – 2 November 1483).

Humphrey fought under his father-in-law in support of the House of Lancaster during the First Battle of St Albans. He appears to have been badly wounded at this battle but actually survived for a least another 2–3 years. This may account for his disappearance from the contemporary records of the time. In 1458 he died from the plague.

The First Battle of St Albans, fought on 22 May 1455 at St Albans, 22 miles (35 km) north of London, traditionally marks the beginning of the Wars of the Roses. Richard, Duke of York and his ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, defeated the Lancastrians under Edmund, Duke of Somerset, who was killed. York also captured Henry VI, who appointed him Constable of England.

The Lancastrian army of 2,000 troops arrived at St Albans first, and proceeded to defend it by placing troops along the Tonman Ditch and at the bars in Sopwell Lane and Shropshire Lane. The 3,000-strong Yorkist army arrived and camped in Keyfield to the east. Lengthy negotiations ensued with heralds moving back and forth between the rival commanders. After several hours, Richard, despairing of a peaceful solution, decided to attack. The bulk of Henry’s forces were surprised by the speed of Richard’s attack; most of the army was expecting a peaceful resolution similar to the one at Blackheath in 1452. However, two frontal assaults down the narrow streets against the barricades made no headway and resulted in heavy casualties for the Yorkists.
Warwick took his reserve troops through an unguarded part of the town’s defences, through back lanes and gardens. Suddenly the Earl appeared in the Market Square where the main body of Henry’s troops were talking and resting. There is evidence they were not yet expecting to be involved in the fighting, as many were not even wearing their helmets. Warwick charged instantly with his force, routing the Lancastrians and killing the Duke of Somerset.
On the Earl’s orders, his archers then shot at the men around the King, killing several and injuring the King and the Duke of Buckingham. The Lancastrians manning the barricades realised the Yorkists had ouflanked them, and fearing an attack from behind abandoned their positions and fled the town.
The First Battle of St Albans was relatively minor in military terms, but politically was a complete victory for York and Warwick: York had captured the King and restored himself to complete power, while his rival Somerset and Warwick’s arch-enemies Henry Percy, 2nd Earl of Northumberland, and Lord de Clifford both fell during the rout.

 Humphrey actually died of the plague, not of wounds after The Battle of St. Albans. He was apprently badly wounded there, but survived.


Humphrey actually died of the plague, not of wounds after The Battle of St. Albans. He was apprently badly wounded there, but survived.

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His maternal grandparents were Ralph de Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Joan Beaufort, Countess of Westmorland.  His maternal uncles included (among others) Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury (father ofWarwick, the Kingmaker), Robert Neville who was first Bishop of Salisbury and then Bishop of Durham, William Neville, 1st Earl of Kent and Edward Nevill, 3rd Baron Bergavenny. His most prominent maternal aunt was Cecily Neville, wife of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and mother to among others Edward IV of England, Edmund, Earl of Rutland, George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and Richard III of England.

Lord Stafford fought under his father-in-law in support of the House of Lancaster during the First Battle of St Albans. He appears to have been badly wounded at this battle, but either eventually died of his wounds or from the plague, predeceasing his own father in 1458.

Stafford married Lady Margaret Beaufort, daughter of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset and Lady Eleanor Beauchamp. Her maternal grandparents were Richard de Beauchamp, 13th Earl of Warwick and his first wife Elizabeth Berkeley. By her father, she was a niece of Joan Beaufort, Queen of Scots and a cousin to Lady Margaret Beaufort (mother of King Henry VII). By her mother, Lady Margaret was a niece of Anne de Beauchamp, 16th Countess of Warwick and as such, a cousin to Isabel, Duchess of Clarence and queen consort Anne Neville.

Lord and Lady Stafford had a single son, Henry (4 September 1455 – 2 November 1483). Henry was styled Earl of Stafford on his father’s death, and succeeded his paternal grandfather as Duke of Buckingham in June 1473, following the latter’s death at the Battle of Northampton on 10 July 1460.

Cecily Bonville, 17th Great Grandmother

August 11, 2013 5 Comments

Cecily Bonville

Cecily Bonville

Grave

Grave

Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington and 2nd Baroness Bonville (c. 30 June 1460 – 12 May 1529) was an English peeress, who was also Marchioness of Dorset by her first marriage to Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and Countess of Wiltshire by her second marriage to Henry Stafford, 1st Earl of Wiltshire.

The Bonvilles were loyal supporters of the House of York during the series of dynastic civil wars that were fought for the English throne, known as the Wars of the Roses (1455 –1485). When she was less than a year old, Cecily became the wealthiest heiress in England after her male relatives were slain in battle, fighting against the House of Lancaster.

Cecily’s life after the death of her first husband in 1501, was marked by an acrimonious dispute with her son and heir, Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset. This was over Cecily’s right to remain sole executor of her late husband’s estate and to control her own inheritance, both of which Thomas challenged following her second marriage to Henry Stafford; a man many years her junior. Their quarrel required the intervention of King Henry VII and the royal council.

Lady Jane Grey, Lady Catherine Grey and Lady Mary Grey were her great-granddaughters. All three were in the Line of Succession to the English throne, with Jane, the eldest, having reigned as queen for nine days in 1553.

Cecily Bonville

Cecily Bonville

Cecily Bonville

Cecily Bonville

Cecily Marchioness Dorset Bonville (1460 – 1530)

is my 17th great grandmother
son of Cecily Marchioness Dorset Bonville
daughter of Thomas Marquess Dorset Knight Grey
daughter of Elizabeth Grey
daughter of Margaret Audley
daughter of Margaret Howard
son of Lady Ann Dorset
son of Robert Lewis
daughter of Robert Lewis
son of Ann Lewis
son of Joshua Morse
son of Joseph Morse
son of Joseph Morse
son of Joseph Morse III
son of John Henry Morse
son of Abner Morse
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
son of Jason A Morse
son of Ernest Abner Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse
The Bonville family was involved in the War of the Roses, and a famous feud:

The Bonville-Courtenay Feud was an episode in the War of the Roses in 15th centuryEngland. Often local concerns can dictate choice of side in civil wars. These two rival families lived in south-western England (DevonCornwallSomerset). The Courtenays held the peerage Earldom of Devon and the Bonvilles were titled Lord Harington. Their dispute concerned the Stewardship of the Duchy of Cornwall. This was not a sinecure but rather a prestigious and financially rewarding position. Rival claims to this position triggered the feud. The feud led to considerable local bitterness and even murder. It was ended by government intervention. The War of the Roses was a time of shifting allegiances in British history as the tide of War presented opportunity for advancement to various factions. A similar feud was the Percy-Neville feud also at this time. In Ireland there was strife between the Butler family, Earls of Ormond versus the Fitzgerald line, Earls of Desmondand Kildare. Many senior members of the Bonville and Courtenay families were killed in the battles and skirmishes of the War of the Roses. This feud is relevant to Local History, Family History/Genealogy and the History of England specifically the War of the Roses.

In 1441 Devon was appointed to the lucrative stewardship of the Duchy of Cornwall, an office Henry VI had already conferred on Sir William Bonville [1] in 1437, Bonville was aWest Country gentleman whose growing influence at court threatened Courtenay domination in the region. He was punished after the skirmish at Dartford. Later conflict between Devon and Bonville’s party led to the murder of Nicholas Radford [2]. Imprisoned in the Tower of London as punishment,Devon was released in 1457 by authority of QueenMargaret of Anjou.

Quote

Nor [3]did the nobility act as though dynastic considerations were decisive. Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, moved his support from the House of York (Edward IV) to theHouse of Lancaster (Henry VI) when it suited his own ambitions. When Lord Bonville shifted his support from Lancaster to York, his local rival the Earl of Devon switched his backing to the Lancastrians

Anne Devereux, 18th Great-Grandmother

April 13, 2013

Anne Devereux

Anne Devereux

Anne’s father Walter was a big Yorkist knight in the War of the Roses.  She married a knight who was mixed up in this royal Lancaster/York mess as well.  Her husband, William Herbert, was lord of a giant castle, Raglan.  She had nice digs in Wales at this castle while the Brits were embroiled in their Rose thing.  I am still having trouble sorting out the royal roses and why the people of Wales would care, but they got into it too.

Anne Devereux (1410 – 1486)
is my 18th great grandmother
daughter of Anne Devereux
daughter of Maud Herbert
daughter of Eleanor Dutchess Buckingham Percy
daughter of Elizabeth Dutchess Norfolk Stafford Howard
son of Lady Katherine Howard Duchess Bridgewater
son of William ApRhys
son of Henry Rice
son of Edmund Rice
daughter of Edward Rice
daughter of Lydia Rice
daughter of Lydia Woods
daughter of Lydia Eager
son of Mary Thomas
son of Joseph Morse III
son of John Henry Morse
son of Abner Morse
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
son of Jason A Morse
son of Ernest Abner Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Anne Devereux is the daughter of Sir Walter Devereux and Elizabeth Merbury. 2 She married William Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke, son of Sir William ap Thomas. Her married name became Herbert.
Children of Anne Devereux and William Herbert , 1st Earl of Pembroke
Lady Catherine Herbert + 3 d. b 8 May 1504
Lady Maud Herbert + 1 b. 1448, d. a 1485
Citations
[1] Richard Glanville-Brown, online , Richard Glanville-Brown (RR 2, Milton, Ontario, Canada), downloaded 17 August 2005.
[2] Tim Boyle, “re: Boyle Family,” e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 16 September 2006. Hereinafter cited as “re: Boyle Family.”
[3] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VII, page 167. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

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