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Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk

January 15, 2014 , ,

Margaret Audley

Margaret Audley

My 14th great-grandmother was Duchess of Norfolk. Elizabeth I beheaded her husband, who was her 5th cousin.  She is buried in a church in Norwich.

Lady Margaret Howard 1540-1563/4
“The Virtuous Lady Margaret” was the daughter and sole heir of Thomas, Lord Audley of Walden and Elizabeth Grey. Lord Audley was a prominent Politician whose roles included Lord Chancellor to Henry VIII. Her first husband Lord Henry Dudley died before she was eighteen.
She subsequently married her cousin, Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, who had been widowed in 1557. Thomas was extremely rich and powerful and has been described as the “Premier Peer” in England between 1558 – 1568. The marriage was initially delayed whilst Norfolk’s lawyer negotiated in Rome for a Papal dispensation that would allow him to marry his cousin. Following the death of Queen Mary in 1558 and the accession of the protestant Queen Elizabeth the marriage went ahead without Papal approval. Subsequently in Elizabeth’s first parliament in 1559 the marriage received statutory ratification. Margaret brought a rich inheritance to the alliance, including Audley End in Essex.
During her short marriage she bore five children: two sons and three daughters. She died on 10th January 1564 three weeks after giving birth to her second son Lord William Howard, born on 19th December 1563. The monument, however, states she died 7th February 1563 ! This could be because although Margaret was buried with great dignity on the North Side of the Chancel in St John Maddermarket , she had no memorial there until this tablet was erected in 1791 by her descendant Lord John Howard of Walden. Although the monument here is very plain her effigy lies beside that of the Duke’s first wife Mary Fitzalan, on a splendid tomb in St Michael’s church, Framlingham Suffolk. A space had been left between the two figures, presumably for the effigy of their husband. He was never placed here having brought disgrace to the family and being beheaded for treason by Elizabeth I because of his attempts to marry Mary Queen of Scots.

The Monument
This rather humble tablet was erected by Lord John Howard of Walden in 1791 in a style typical of the time; it was restored by Lord Howard de Walden in 1903.
Under the shield is quoted the Howard family motto ” Sola Virtus Invicta” – which translates to “Bravery Alone is Invincible.” The reference to “The virtuous Lady Margaret” on the monument could, however, be reference to an alternative translation “Virtue Alone is invincible”

Margaret Audley (1545 – 1564)
is my 14th great grandmother
Margaret Howard (1561 – 1591)
daughter of Margaret Audley
Lady Ann Dorset (1552 – 1680)
daughter of Margaret Howard
Robert Lewis (1574 – 1645)
son of Lady Ann Dorset
Robert Lewis (1607 – 1644)
son of Robert Lewis
Ann Lewis (1633 – 1686)
daughter of Robert Lewis
Joshua Morse (1669 – 1753)
son of Ann Lewis
Joseph Morse (1692 – 1759)
son of Joshua Morse
Joseph Morse (1721 – 1776)
son of Joseph Morse
Joseph Morse III (1752 – 1835)
son of Joseph Morse
John Henry Morse (1775 – 1864)
son of Joseph Morse III
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of John Henry Morse
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Source: Wikipedia
Margaret Howard (née Audley), Duchess of Norfolk (1540 – 1564) was the sole surviving child[1] of Thomas Audley, 1st Baron Audley of Walden and Lady Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset and Margaret Wotton. Lady Elizabeth Grey was the aunt of Lady Jane Grey, de facto Queen of England for nine days in 1553 and, therefore, Margaret and Queen Jane were first cousins.
Margaret was a wealthy heiress and married first, without issue, Lord Henry Dudley, son of John Dudley, 1st Duke of Northumberland. Henry Dudley was killed at the Battle of St. Quentin, 20 August 1557
In December 1558, she became the second wife of Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk, who was her fifth cousin, through their descent from Jacquetta of Luxembourg and Richard Woodville. Margaret’s line of descent came from the marriage of Elizabeth Woodville and John Grey, while Thomas Howard’s line of descent came through Elizabeth Woodville’s sister, Catherine, who had married Henry Stafford. They had four children, Elizabeth (who died as a child), Thomas Howard, 1st Earl of Suffolk, William, and Margaret. She died 9 January 1564, three weeks after the birth of her last child. She was buried at St. John the Baptist’s church at Norwich.

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Pamela- I think your narratives better than mine. Part of it is I am just lazy. I openly acknowledge that I copy and paste, and never give sources. Of course, mine are for my 3 girls, some family and a few selective friends/others. Someone asked me the other day if women were ever beheaded. I said I vaguely recalled one instance but that was doubted by many. Unfortunately, I have not been able to bring up the name? With agape & phileo Love! Rick

Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk (1535 – 1564)
is your 13th great grandmother
Margaret Howard (1561 – 1591)
daughter of Margaret Audley, Duchess of Norfolk
Ann Sackville (1586 – 1664)
daughter of Margaret Howard
General Robert Lewis (1607 – 1645)
son of Ann Sackville
Major John II Lewis (1633 – 1689)
son of General Robert Lewis
William Lewis (1660 – 1706)
son of Major John II Lewis
Mourning Lewis * (see ancestor tree) (1694 – 1765)
daughter of William Lewis
Elizabeth Adams (1713 – 1793)
daughter of Mourning Lewis * (see ancestor tree)
Mourning Moorman * (see warren pedigree attached) (1740 – 1847)
daughter of Elizabeth Adams
Lydia Hinson * (see pedigree) (1773 – 1851)
daughter of Mourning Moorman * (see warren pedigree attached)
Cynthia Mourning Diggs (1790 – 1874)
daughter of Lydia Hinson * (see pedigree)
Benjamin Albert Evans (1811 – 1886)
son of Cynthia Mourning Diggs
Burwell Christmas Evans (1844 – 1889)
son of Benjamin Albert Evans
Ethel Evans (1887 – 1981)
daughter of Burwell Christmas Evans
Ethel Bennett (1917 – 2013)
daughter of Ethel Evans
Frederick Edward Rehfeldt
son of Ethel Bennett –


Frederick Rehfeldt

January 15, 2014

There was Ann Bolin..she had the executioner of Calais, who was late.



January 16, 2014

(I hate proof reading but here goes anyway.)

I knew that! Blocked it out somehow. Maybe a twisted sense of chivalry or the onset of dementia.

Anyway, your revelation triggered my memory of another lady, namely, Margaret Pole (nee Plantagenet), the Countess of Salisbury (1473-1528).

Margaret Pole was the daughter of George of Clarence (1449-1478), the brother of King Edward IV(1442 – 1483), and King Richard III (1452 – 1485).

One of the few surviving members of the Plantagenet dynasty after the War of the Roses, Margaret Pole was executed in 1541 at the command of King Henry VIII, who was the son of her cousin Elizabeth of York.

On the morning of 27 May 1541, Margaret Pole was told she was to die within the hour. She answered that no crime had been imputed to her. Nevertheless, she was taken from her cell to the place within the precincts of the Tower of London where a low wooden block had been prepared. As she was of noble birth, she was not executed before the populace, though there were about 150 witnesses. The frail and ill lady was dragged to the block and, as she refused to lay her head on it, was forced down. As she struggled, the inexperienced executioner’s first blow made a gash in her shoulder rather than her neck. Ten additional blows were required to complete the execution. A less reputable account states that she leapt from the block after the first clumsy blow and ran, pursued by the executioner, being struck eleven times before she died. She was buried at the Chapel of Saint Peter ad Vincula within the Tower of London.

To the end, Margaret Pole denied the accusations of treason placed against her. The following poem was found carved on the wall of her cell:
“For traitors on the block should die;
I am no traitor, no, not I!
My faithfulness stands fast and so,
Towards the block I shall not go!
Nor make one step, as you shall see;
Christ in Thy Mercy, save Thou me!”

Pope Leo XIII beatified her as a martyr for the Roman Catholic Church on 29 December 1886.

There are many more gruesome details beyond the scope of today’s writing.

Most of the Pole family were executed over time as the “mere continuation” by King Henry VIII of his father’s program of eliminating all possible contenders for the throne.

Fortunately for us, there was a grandchild, Catherine Pole (1511-1576), from whom we descend, who married Francis Hastings, 2nd Earl Huntingdon, 4th Lord Hastings (1513-1581). Francis Hastings was in the view of many if, not most, the child of Henry VIII by Anne Stafford, who was married at the time to George Hastings (1484-1544). The sister of Catherine Pole, Winifred, married the brother of Francis Pole, Thomas.
Perhaps Catherine Pole survived because of her marriage to a blood descendant of King Henry VIII.

Just a thought.


frederick (rick) rehfeldt

January 16, 2014

Amazing stuff has been done in the name of religion. I just watched all of the Tudors, the tv series, and spotted several of my ancestors, and so have visited the tree to learn more. John of mine, was the great grandfather of both Anne Boleyn and Katherine Howard, both executed by Henry. Catherine Pole was lucky he was less volatile in his old age, and you may be right about the blood.



January 20, 2014

Next time I visit norwich I shall go see if I can check her out…


London Unattached

January 20, 2014

VERY cool historical perspective here. I love that you include all this. it’s so darn impressive.


Stevie Wilson

January 21, 2014

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