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Fulk V The Younger King of Jerusalem Anjou

January 25, 2015 , , ,

My 27th great-grandfather is buried in a very famous church.  I have been inside this church, but was completely unaware that there were graves of other people at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem.  Orthodox religions say that Jesus of Nazareth was buried here, and arose from the dead in this location.  Protestant churches have another site for their resurrection, which is outside of the city.  My ancestor was there in the capacity of King of Jerusalem.  Since he was knight from France the idea seems preposterous, but the history of the Crusades and the people who created them is a wild and crazy story.  After Fulk’s wife died he hit the road for the Holy Land because it was totally the thing to do for rich Euros at the time.  He found fame and fortune through his wife, whom he did not defy.  She ruled and he did her bidding, as it was reported.  He died in a hunting accident on holiday, which does sound normal for a Euro monarch.

Count of Anjou
Fulk was born in Angers between 1089 and 1092, the son of Count Fulk IV of Anjou and Bertrade de Montfort. In 1092, Bertrade deserted her husband and bigamously married King Philip I of France.
He became count of Anjou upon his father’s death in 1109. In the next year, he married Erembourg of Maine, cementing Angevin control over the County of Maine.
He was originally an opponent of King Henry I of England and a supporter of King Louis VI of France, but in 1118 or 1119 he had allied with Henry when Henry arranged for his son and heir William Adelin to marry Fulk’s daughter Matilda. Fulk went on crusade in 1119 or 1120, and became attached to the Knights Templar. (Orderic Vitalis) He returned, late in 1121, after which he began to subsidize the Templars, maintaining two knights in the Holy Land for a year. Much later, Henry arranged for his daughter Matilda to marry Fulk’s son Geoffrey of Anjou, which she did in 1127 or 1128.
Crusader and King
By 1127 Fulk was preparing to return to Anjou when he received an embassy from King Baldwin II of Jerusalem. Baldwin II had no male heirs but had already designated his daughter Melisende to succeed him. Baldwin II wanted to safeguard his daughter’s inheritance by marrying her to a powerful lord. Fulk was a wealthy crusader and experienced military commander, and a widower. His experience in the field would prove invaluable in a frontier state always in the grip of war.
However, Fulk held out for better terms than mere consort of the Queen; he wanted to be king alongside Melisende. Baldwin II, reflecting on Fulk’s fortune and military exploits, acquiesced. Fulk abdicated his county seat of Anjou to his son Geoffrey and left for Jerusalem, where he married Melisende on 2 June 1129. Later Baldwin II bolstered Melisende’s position in the kingdom by making her sole guardian of her son by Fulk, Baldwin III, born in 1130.
Fulk and Melisende became joint rulers of Jerusalem in 1131 with Baldwin II’s death. From the start Fulk assumed sole control of the government, excluding Melisende altogether. He favored fellow countrymen from Anjou to the native nobility. The other crusader states to the north feared that Fulk would attempt to impose the suzerainty of Jerusalem over them, as Baldwin II had done; but as Fulk was far less powerful than his deceased father-in-law, the northern states rejected his authority. Melisende’s sister Alice of Antioch, exiled from the Principality by Baldwin II, took control of Antioch once more after the death of her father. She allied with Pons of Tripoli and Joscelin II of Edessa to prevent Fulk from marching north in 1132; Fulk and Pons fought a brief battle before peace was made and Alice was exiled again.
In Jerusalem as well, Fulk was resented by the second generation of Jerusalem Christians who had grown up there since the First Crusade. These “natives” focused on Melisende’s cousin, the popular Hugh II of Le Puiset, count of Jaffa, who was devotedly loyal to the Queen. Fulk saw Hugh as a rival, and it did not help matters when Hugh’s own stepson accused him of disloyalty. In 1134, in order to expose Hugh, Fulk accused him of infidelity with Melisende. Hugh rebelled in protest. Hugh secured himself to Jaffa, and allied himself with the Muslims of Ascalon. He was able to defeat the army set against him by Fulk, but this situation could not hold. The Patriarch interceded in the conflict, perhaps at the behest of Melisende. Fulk agreed to peace and Hugh was exiled from the kingdom for three years, a lenient sentence.
However, an assassination attempt was made against Hugh. Fulk, or his supporters, were commonly believed responsible, though direct proof never surfaced. The scandal was all that was needed for the queen’s party to take over the government in what amounted to a palace coup. Author and historian Bernard Hamilton wrote that the Fulk’s supporters “went in terror of their lives” in the palace. Contemporary author and historian William of Tyre wrote of Fulk “he never attempted to take the initiative, even in trivial matters, without (Melisende’s) consent”. The result was that Melisende held direct and unquestioned control over the government from 1136 onwards. Sometime before 1136 Fulk reconciled with his wife, and a second son, Amalric was born.
Securing the borders
Jerusalem’s northern border was of great concern. Fulk had been appointed regent of the Principality of Antioch by Baldwin II. As regent he had Raymund of Poitou marry the infant Constance of Antioch, daughter of Bohemund II and Alice of Antioch, and niece to Melisende. However, the greatest concern during Fulk’s reign was the rise of Atabeg Zengi of Mosul.
In 1137 Fulk was defeated in battle near Barin but allied with Mu’in ad-Din Unur, the vizier of Damascus. Damascus was also threatened by Zengi. Fulk captured the fort of Banias, to the north of Lake Tiberias and thus secured the northern frontier.
Fulk also strengthened the kingdom’s southern border. His butler Paganus built the fortress of Kerak to the south of the Dead Sea, and to help give the kingdom access to the Red Sea, Fulk had Blanche Garde, Ibelin, and other forts built in the south-west to overpower the Egyptian fortress at Ascalon. This city was a base from which the Egyptian Fatimids launched frequent raids on the Kingdom of Jerusalem and Fulk sought to neutralise this threat.
In 1137 and 1142, Byzantine emperor John II Comnenus arrived in Syria attempting to impose Byzantine control over the crusader states. John’s arrival was ignored by Fulk, who declined an invitation to meet the emperor in Jerusalem.

Death
In 1143, while the king and queen were on holiday in Acre, Fulk was killed in a hunting accident. His horse stumbled, fell, and Fulk’s skull was crushed by the saddle, “and his brains gushed forth from both ears and nostrils”, as William of Tyre describes. He was carried back to Acre, where he lay unconscious for three days before he died. He was buried in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Though their marriage started in conflict, Melisende mourned for him privately as well as publicly. Fulk was survived by his son Geoffrey of Anjou by his first wife, and Baldwin III and Amalric I by Melisende.
Depictions
According to William, Fulk was “a ruddy man, like David… faithful and gentle, affable and kind… an experienced warrior full of patience and wisdom in military affairs.” His chief fault was an inability to remember names and faces.
William of Tyre described Fulk as a capable soldier and able politician, but observed that Fulk did not adequately attend to the defense of the crusader states to the north. Ibn al-Qalanisi (who calls him al-Kund Anjur, an Arabic rendering of “Count of Anjou”) says that “he was not sound in his judgment nor was he successful in his administration.” The Zengids continued their march on the crusader states, culminating in the fall of the County of Edessa in 1144, which led to the Second Crusade (see Siege of Edessa).
Family
In 1110, Fulk married Ermengarde of Maine (died 1126), the daughter of Elias I of Maine. Their four children were:
Geoffrey V of Anjou (1113–1151, father of Henry II of England.
Sibylla of Anjou (1112–1165, Bethlehem), married in 1123 William Clito (div. 1124), married in 1134 Thierry, Count of Flanders.
Alice (or Isabella) (1111–1154, Fontevrault), married William Adelin; after his death in the White Ship she became a nun and later Abbess of Fontevrault.
Elias II of Maine (died 1151)
His second wife was Melisende, Queen of Jerusalem
Baldwin III of Jerusalem
Amalric I of Jerusalem

Fulk V The Younger King of Jerusalem Anjou * (1092 – 1143)
is my 27th great grandfather
Sibilla Anjou (1105 – 1165)
daughter of FULK V The Younger King of Jerusalem ANJOU *
Marguerite De LORRAINE (1135 – 1194)
daughter of Sibilla Anjou
Isabelle De Hainault (1170 – 1190)
daughter of Marguerite De LORRAINE
Louis VIII France (1187 – 1226)
son of Isabelle De Hainault
Charles I King of Jerusalem and Naples (1227 – 1285)
son of Louis VIII France
Charles NAPLES (1254 – 1309)
son of Charles I King of Jerusalem and Naples
Marguerite Sicily Naples (1273 – 1299)
daughter of Charles NAPLES
Jeanne DeVALOIS (1294 – 1342)
daughter of Marguerite Sicily Naples
Philippa deHainault (1311 – 1369)
daughter of Jeanne DeVALOIS
John of Gaunt – Duke of Lancaster – Plantagenet (1340 – 1399)
son of Philippa deHainault
Elizabeth Plantagenet (1363 – 1425)
daughter of John of Gaunt – Duke of Lancaster – Plantagenet
John Holland (1395 – 1447)
son of Elizabeth Plantagenet
Henry Holland (1430 – 1475)
son of John Holland
Henry Holland (1485 – 1561)
son of Henry Holland
Henry Holland (1527 – 1561)
son of Henry Holland
John Holland (1556 – 1628)
son of Henry Holland
Gabriell Francis Holland (1596 – 1660)
son of John Holland
John Holland (1628 – 1710)
son of Gabriell Francis Holland
Mary Elizabeth Holland (1620 – 1681)
daughter of John Holland
Richard Dearden (1645 – 1747)
son of Mary Elizabeth Holland
George Dearden (1705 – 1749)
son of Richard Dearden
George Darden (1734 – 1807)
son of George Dearden
David Darden (1770 – 1820)
son of George Darden
Minerva Truly Darden (1806 – 1837)
daughter of David Darden
Sarah E Hughes (1829 – 1911)
daughter of Minerva Truly Darden
Lucinda Jane Armer (1847 – 1939)
daughter of Sarah E Hughes
George Harvey Taylor (1884 – 1941)
son of Lucinda Jane Armer
Ruby Lee Taylor (1922 – 2008)
daughter of George Harvey Taylor
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Ruby Lee Taylor

marries Queen of Jerusalem

marries Queen of Jerusalem

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Cousin Pamela- We seem to descend step by step in identity until around 1750. Rick

                                               Fulk V, 9th Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem

(1092-1142)
23 great grandfather

Sibylla of Anjou (1112 – 1165)
daughter of Fulk V, 9th Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem

Marguerite, Countess of Flanders (1135-1194)
Daughter of Sibylla of Anjou

Isabella of Flanders (1170-1190)
daughter of Marguerite, Countess of Flanders

Sir Louis VIII “the Lion”, King of France (1187-1226)
son of Isabella of Flanders

Charles I, King of Jerusalem & Sicily, Count of Anjou, Maine, Forcalquier, & Provence, Marquis of Provence, Duke of Apulia (1227-1285)
son of Sir Louis VIII ‘the Lion’, King of France

Charles II ‘the Lame’, King of Jerusalem & Sicily, Duke of Apulia, Prince of Capua, Salerno, & Tarento, Count of Anjou, Provence, & Forcalquier (1254 – 1309)
son of Charles I, King of Jerusalem & Sicily, Count of Anjou, Maine, Forcalquier, & Provence, Marquis of Provence, Duke of Apulia

Margaret of Naples (1273 – 1299)
daughter of Charles II ‘the Lame’, King of Jerusalem & Sicily, Duke of Apulia, Prince of Capua, Salerno, & Tarento, Count of Anjou, Provence, & Forcalquier

Jeanne de Valois (1294 – 1352)
daughter of Margaret of Naples

Philippa of Hainault (1311 – 1369)
daughter of Jeanne de Valois

Sir John “of Gaunt” Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile and Leon, Earl of Derby, Lincoln, Leicester, & Richmond (1340 – 1399)
son of Philippa of Hainault

Elizabeth Plantagenet (1363 – 1426)
daughter of Sir John “of Gaunt” Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Lancaster, King of Castile and Leon, Earl of Derby, Lincoln, Leicester, & Richmond

Sir John Holand, 3rd Duke of Exeter, Earl of Huntingdon & Ivry, Admiral of the South & West, Earl Marshal of England, Admiral of England, (1396 – 1447)
son of Elizabeth Plantagenet

Sir Henry Holand, 2nd Duke of Exeter, Earl of Huntingdon & Ivry, Admiral of England, Ireland, & Aquitaine (1430 – 1475)
son of Sir John Holand, 3rd Duke of Exeter, Earl of Huntingdon & Ivry, Admiral of the South & West, Earl Marshal of England, Admiral of England,

Thomas Holland (1461 – 1501)
son of Sir Henry Holand, 2nd Duke of Exeter, Earl of Huntingdon & Ivry, Admiral of England, Ireland, & Aquitaine

Henry Holland (1485 – 1561)
son of Thomas Holland

Henry Holland (1527 – 1561)
son of Henry Holland

John Holland (1556 – 1628)
son of Henry Holland

Francis Gabriel Holland (1596 – 1660)
son of John Holland

Capt. John Holland (1628 – 1710)
son of Francis Gabriel Holland

Mary Elizabeth Holland (1637 – 1737)
daughter of Capt. John Holland

Richard Dearden (1645 – 1710)
son of Mary Elizabeth Holland

Richard Dearden (1679 – 1747)
son of Richard Dearden

George Dearden (1705 – 1749)
son of Richard Dearden

Ann Dearden (1755 – 1781)
daughter of George Dearden

William Burwell Lucy (1779 – 1823)
son of Ann Dearden

Sarah Ann Lucy (1811 – 1866)
daughter of William Burwell Lucy

Burwell Christmas Evans (1844 – 1889)
son of Sarah Ann Lucy

Ethel Evans (1887 – 1981)
daughter of Burwell Christmas Evans

Ethel Bennett (1917 – 2013)
daughter of Ethel Evans

Frederick Edward Rehfeldt
You are the son of Ethel Bennett –

Liked by 1 person

frederick edward rehfeldt

January 27, 2015

Another Good read ….. I am a big fan of Fulk V he was King and King maker , a very clever man who engineered his families power with great finese. And family transition that would lead to Plantagenet rule of England and France.
I wrote a story on https://boothancestry.wordpress.com/2013/10/22/fulk-v-the-king-maker/.
He is my wifes 28th GG father.
regards
VK

Like

My Stuff

January 27, 2015

very cool….your wife, a man I call Cousin Rick, and I were heavily related many hundreds of years ago..we could not be together now if not for the internet…pretty amazing really. I look forward to reading his story. Thanks for bringing it to my attention.

Like

Pamela Morse

January 28, 2015

Angers is a lovely city in the Loire – one of my favourite places to visit. there’s a great tapestry there from about the time of your relative, I wonder if he’s in it!

Like

London-Unattached.com

January 28, 2015

The tapestry I think belonged to his family..doomsday??

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Pamela Morse

January 28, 2015

I find your personal family history really interesting. It’s so great how it all unfolds .

Like

Stevie Wilson (@LAStory)

February 1, 2015

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