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Samuel Harris Vassar, Fifth Great-Grandfather

November 26, 2017 2 Comments

Sunbridge Cemetery Also known as: City Cemetery, Saint Joseph City Cemetery Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, USA

Sunbridge Cemetery
Also known as: City Cemetery, Saint Joseph City Cemetery
Saint Joseph, Buchanan County, Missouri, USA

My fifth great-grandfather was born in Virginia and died in Buchannan County, Missouri after a long and prosperous life.  He was a pioneer who crashed with Daniel Boone in his youth.

Samuel Harris Vassar was the son of Abraham Vassar and his wife Rhoda. His birth place lay in the beautiful county of the Flat Creekwatershed of Amelia co. VA. He found his way to Kentucky. Later, after the death of his father in 1779, he learned he had been given 200 acres of the Flat Creek Plantation a a deed of gift that he see to the care of his mother and young sister Delilah after the father was dead.His elder sister Martha Catherine Deaton and her husband Levi lived onthe place until 1803. Levi Deaton had died in 1799 leaving Martha a widow.
On the return trip to Kentucky, Samuel and his mother and sister took refuge in Daniel Boone’s Fort. Later, in 1803, Rhoda Harris Vassar died in Clark Co, KY.
During the time he was in Kentucky, Samuel Harris Vassar acquired a200 acre farm on the south side of the Red River at its mouth and theKentucky river on its east bank. This spot had a workable salt desposit which he developed. In addition to the regular farm crops, hehad a water mill on Calloway Creek which ran along his southern line.
Samuel Harris Vassar met the daughter of Peter and Mary Ann Goossee, named for her mother and nicknamed “Polly”. Samuel was 38. However consent must be had from the father of the child to be married if the child was between the ages of 12 1/2 and 16. Thus, a bond was given as reguired: Clark Co KY; January 21, 1795; Samuel H Vassar to Polly Goossee, the father. Bondsman, Peter Goossee, JR. To this union were born 5 sons and 2 daughters.
In 1818, Simpson R, son of Samuel and Polly, went to Missouri territory as a fur trader for a St Louis based fur company. Upon returning to KY with his wife and new son, he told tales of the newland opening up. These stories led Samuel at the age of 61 to go to Howard Co, MO with his wife and 3 unmarried children. Another son, Samuel Jenkins, became an Indian Trader for the Chouteaus of St Louis. Elizabeth and Benjamin remained with their parents until their marriages in Clay co, MO.
About this time, in 1830, Mary “Polly” the mother died. She is buried near the north county line of Clay co in a graveyard with other Goosey family members. In 1835 Samuel married Cynthia (Simpson) Castile, the widow of Joseph Castile. Both Samuel and Cynthia were advanced in age. Samuel never returned to KY. He sold his holdings there by Power of Attorney. He and his son Benjamin operated a grist mill in Clinton Co, MO. At his death he held many notes. One of thesefor a few hundred dollars was on Joseph Robidoux, the founder of St Joseph MO. This note was never paid. He died 24 Oct 1846 and is buried in the NE corner of Sunbridge Cemetery in Buchanan Co, MO. A statementon file in the Buchanan Probate Papers records that he was “taken inhis 89th year”.
After the death of Samuel, Cynthia, his second wife, lived with a son by her first marriage. The 1850 census shows David Castile, age 36, born TN, to have a wife and 6 children and Cynthia Vassar living with this family. Castile Creek, which headed in the new county of DeKalb, MO and flowed through Clinton and Caly counties emptying eventually into a tributary of the Missouri River was named for Joseph Castile.

Samuel Harris VASSAR (1757 – 1846)
5th great-grandfather
Mary VESSOR (1801 – 1836)
daughter of Samuel Harris VASSAR
Margaret Mathews (1831 – 1867)
daughter of Mary VESSOR
Julia McConnell (1854 – 1879)
daughter of Margaret Mathews
Minnie M Smith (1872 – 1893)
daughter of Julia McConnell
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Minnie M Smith
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Henry Smith, Tenth Great-Grandfather

June 28, 2017 1 Comment

Ye History of Ye Town of Greenwich

Ye History of Ye Town of Greenwich

My tenth great-grandfather, Henry Smith, was born in 1619 in St. Mary-Adermanbury, in London,England.  He died  5 Jul 1687 in Stamford,Fairfield,CT.  He was a minister. While no proof positive exists for the name of his first wife, circumstantially it is quite possible that she is Ann Jackson, who came to America [of record 27 Jul 1635] on the ship “Princess”, along with (a) Henry Smith; he age 22; she age 23. The age of 22 for Henry Smith of the ship “Princess” equates to a birth year of about 1613, the probable birth year of Henry Smith in this writing. In the absence of a verifiable source for this theory, Ann Jackson is placed in this writing, but with question. I am descended from his second wife, Hannah:

Henry Smith (1619 – 1687)
10th great-grandfather
Hannah Smith (1636 – 1674)
daughter of Henry Smith
Sarah Knapp (1669 – 1750)
daughter of Hannah Smith
Ebenezer Mead (1692 – 1775)
son of Sarah Knapp
Deacon Silas Meade (1730 – 1807)
son of Ebenezer Mead
Abner Mead (1749 – 1810)
son of Deacon Silas Meade
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Abner Mead
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am  the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Rev. Henry Smith arrived in Charlestown, MA from England in 1636 (according to Savage). By 1648 he was in Wethersfield, CT. with his second wife and children from his first marriage. Henry was described as a gentleman from a good family. He was the patriarch of what was considered one of the best sustained and accomplished families in New Engalnd.
He was the first recorded minister in Wethersfield, but his ministry was not a happy one. Mr. Clement Chaplin, a Ruling Elder of the church was a man of wealth, prominent and influencial with a majority of the congregation. For many years he involved Henry Smith in difficulities to the point the conflict wa before the General Court. After a long examination of the merits of the case, in 1643 Mr. Chaplin was fined 11 pounds for libeling Henry. But Mr. Chaplin continued to harrass Henry with carious civil suits until again it came before the General Court. Henry was again exonerated and vindicated by the court. Although the conflict did not completely end, there was no further serious issues. However it is believed the the strain of the trails and harrassment brought Henry to an early grave in 1648.

Pequod War

Pequod War

Degory Preist, Thirteenth Great-Grandfather

June 12, 2017 1 Comment

Mayflower Compact

Mayflower Compact

My 13th great-grandfather was a hatter who sailed to America on the Mayflower, but did not survive the first winter.  His wife and children came to Plymouth in 1623 to take over his allotment in the colony.

Degory Priest was one of the Pilgrim passengers on the Mayflower in 1620. His wife, Sarah Allerton, and children Mary and Sarah stayed behind in Holland in Leiden where some of the Pilgrims had moved to escape religious persecution in England. He died during that first desperate winter in Plymouth. His wife and children came to North America on the Anne in 1623. At least one of his grandchildren was an early resident of Nantucket Island. Alternate spellings of his name are “Gregory”, “Degorie”, or “Digorie” Priest. Sarah Allerton’s brother Isaac Allerton and his family were also passengers on the Mayflower.

Degory and Sarah have many notable descendants including Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Maria Mitchell, Pete Seeger, Richard Gere, Dick Van Dyke, and Orson Scott Card.

Degory PRIEST (1579 – 1621)
13th great-grandfather
Mary Priest (1613 – 1689)
daughter of Degory PRIEST
Daniel Pratt (1640 – 1680)
son of Mary Priest
Henry Pratt (1658 – 1745)
son of Daniel Pratt
Esther Pratt (1680 – 1740)
daughter of Henry Pratt
Deborah Baynard (1720 – 1791)
daughter of Esther Pratt
Mary Horney (1741 – 1775)
daughter of Deborah Baynard
Esther Harris (1764 – 1838)
daughter of Mary Horney
John H Wright (1803 – 1850)
son of Esther Harris
Mary Wright (1816 – 1873)
daughter of John H Wright
Emiline P Nicholls (1837 – )
daughter of Mary Wright
Harriet Peterson (1856 – 1933)
daughter of Emiline P Nicholls
Sarah Helena Byrne (1878 – 1962)
daughter of Harriet Peterson
Olga Fern Scott (1897 – 1968)
daughter of Sarah Helena Byrne
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Olga Fern Scott
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Degory Priest deposed that he was 40 years old in a document signed in Leiden in April 1619; this would place his birth at about 1579 in England.  On 4 November 1611, he was married to Sarah (Allerton) Vincent, the widow of John Vincent, and the sister of Mayflower passenger Isaac Allerton; Isaac Allerton was married to his wife Mary Norris on the same date.

It has been suggested that Degory Priest of the Mayflower may have been the Degorius Prust, baptized 11 August 1582 in Hartland, Devon, England, the son of Peter Prust.  However, given that the baptism appears to be about 3 years too late, and the fact that none of the Leiden Separatists are known to have come from Devonshire, I doubt this baptism belongs to the Mayflower passenger.  Degory Priest was one of the earliest to have arrived in Leiden, so it is more reasonable to suspect he is from the Nottinghamshire/Yorkshire region, the Sandwich/Canterbury region, the London/Middlesex region, or the Norfolk region: all of the early Separatists in Leiden appear to have come from one of these centers.

Degory and wife Sarah had two children, Mary and Sarah.  Degory came alone on the Mayflower, planning to bring wife and children later after the colony was better established.  His death the first winter ended those plans.  His wife remarried to Godbert Godbertson in Leiden, and they had a son Samuel together.  Godbert, his wife Sarah, their son Samuel, and his step-children Mary and Sarah Priest all came on the ship Anne to Plymouth in 1623.

Mayflower Compact

Mayflower Compact

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Edmund Lockwood, Eleventh Great-Grandfather

March 21, 2017 1 Comment

The Arabella

The Arabella

My eleventh great-grandfather was an early settler in Cambridge, Massachusetts.  The records of the Massachusetts Bay Colony are extensive, so we know quite a bit about his life in America.

MIGRATION: 1630
FIRST RESIDENCE: Cambridge
FREEMAN: Requested 19 October 1630 (as “Mr. Edmond Lockwood”) and admitted 18 May 1631 (as “Mr. Edmond Lockewood”) [MBCR 1:79, 366].
OFFICES: Trial jury in case of Walter Palmer (as “Mr. Edmond Lockwood”), 9 November 1630 [MBCR 1:81]; “Mr. Lockwood” deputy to General Court for Cambridge, 9 May 1632 [MBCR 1:95]; “Mr. Edmond Lockwood” constable for Cambridge, 9 May 1632
ESTATE: 3 March 1634/5: “It is ordered, that Ruth Lockwood, widow, shall bring all the writings that her husband left in her hands to John Haynes, Esq., & Simon Bradstreete, on the third day of the next week, who shall detain the same in their hands till the next Court, when they shall be disposed of to those to whom they belong”
7 April 1635: “It is referred to the church of Waterton, with the consent of Rob[er]te Lockwood, executor of Edmond Lockwood, deceased, to dispose of the children & estate of the said Edmond Lockwood, given to them, to such persons as they think meet, which if they perform not within fourteen days, it shall be lawful for the Governor, John Hayne, Esq., & Simon Bradstreete, to dispose of the said children & estates as in their discretion, they shall think meet, as also to take an account of the said Rob[er]te Lockwood, & give him a full discharge”
2 June 1635: “In the cause of the children & widow of Edward Lockwood, (the elders & other of the church of Waterton being present,) and upon consideration of the order of Court in April last made in the case, which was found not to have been observed, because the estate was not computed & apportioned, it is now ordered, with consent of all parties, viz:, the church of Waterton, the widow of the said Edmond living, & the executor having consented to the former order, that the present Governor & the Secretary shall have power to call parties & witnesses for finding out the true estate, having consideration of the uncertainty of the will, & the debts, & other circumstances, to apportion the remainder of the estate to the wife & children, according to their best discretion; & then the church of Waterton is to dispose of the elder children & their portions as shall be best for their Christian education & the preservation of their estate” [MBCR 1:151].
BIRTH: By about 1600 based on estimated date of marriage (but see COMMENTS below).
DEATH: Cambridge between 9 May 1632 [MBCR 1:95, 96] and 3 March 1634/5 [MBCR1:134] (and probably closer to the earlier date, since Edmund Lockwood does not appear in any of the recorded Cambridge land grants beginning in August 1633).
MARRIAGE: (1) By about 1625 _____ _____; she may have died in England before 1630.
(2) By 1632 Elizabeth Masters, daughter of JOHN MASTERS; she married (2) Cary Latham of Cambridge.
CHILDREN:
With first wife

i EDMUND, b. England say 1625; m. Stamford 7 January 1655[/6] Hannah Scott, daughter of Thomas Scott [FOOF 1:381].

ii Child (one or more additional children by first wife implied by court order to the Watertown church “to dispose of the elder children” [MBCR 1:151]); no further record.

With second wife
iii JOHN, b. Cambridge November 1632 (“son of Edward Lockwood & Elisabeth his wife”) [NEHGR 4:181]; d. at New London in 1683, unmarried [Lockwood Gen 10].

ASSOCIATIONS: Although no record states the relationship explicitly, Edmund and Robert Lockwood were almost certainly brothers.
COMMENTS: The oft-stated origin of the Lockwood brothers in Combs, Suffolk, seems to be based on nothing more than finding the right names at about the right time. Further research is needed before this origin can be accepted.
In a discussion of financial transactions, John Winthrop wrote to his son John in Groton 23 July 1630 saying “If money be brought to you or your Uncle Downinge for Goodman Lockwood, let Mr. Peirce be paid his bill of provisions for him, and bring the rest with you” [WP 2:306].
“Mr. Edmond Lockwood” was the third in the list of eight “Newtowne Inhabitants” which is found at the beginning of the Cambridge town records, and probably dates from 1632 [CaTR2].
After NICHOLAS KNAPP was fined for quackery on 1 March 1630/1, “Mr. Will[ia]m Pelham and Mr. Edmond Lockewood hath promised to pay to the Court the sum of £5” [MBCR 1:83].
BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE: The 1889 Lockwood genealogy (Frederic A. Holden and E. Dunbar Lockwood, Descendants of Robert Lockwood, History of the Lockwood Family in America[Philadelphia 1889]) was deservedly described by Jacobus as “a genealogical atrocity” [TAG31:222]. By lumping all the descendants of the first Edmund under his brother Robert, the posterity of this family through eldest son Edmund was misplaced.
Donald Lines Jacobus began to sort the family out properly in 1930, with further contributions made in 1955 [FOOF 1:380-81; TAG 31:222-24]. In 1978 Harriet Woodbury Hodge published detailed arguments for a rearrangement of the Lockwood families that would restore to Edmund Lockwood his children [Some Descendants of Edmund Lockwood (1594-1635) of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and his son Edmund Lockwood (c. 1625-1693) of Stamford, Connecticut (New York 1978), cited above as Lockwood Gen].
Edmund Lockwood (1574 – 1634)
11th great-grandfather
Eliner Lockwood (1592 – 1658)
daughter of Edmund Lockwood
Caleb Knapp (1637 – 1684)
son of Eliner Lockwood
Sarah Knapp (1669 – 1750)
daughter of Caleb Knapp
Ebenezer Mead (1692 – 1775)
son of Sarah Knapp
Deacon Silas Meade (1730 – 1807)
son of Ebenezer Mead
Abner Mead (1749 – 1810)
son of Deacon Silas Meade
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Abner Mead
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Sarah Odding, 8th Great-Grandmother

September 1, 2015 5 Comments

Home in Rhode Island

Home in Rhode Island

My 8th great-grandmother was born in 1609 in Cornwall, England and died in Rhode Island in 1681.  She sailed to America with her mother, step father, and husband in 1633. The group left Roxbury for Rhode Island because they probably were already Quakers.  The Pilgrims made life hard for Quakers.

Sarah ODDYN or ODDING, daughter of William ODDYN or ODDING and Margaret Lang (parents from England). Details on vitals still being confirmed: Birth 05 Feb 1609 in Madron, Cornwall, England; Death 05 Feb 1681 in Kingston, Washington Co., Rhode Island.

Sarah Odding (1609 – 1681)
is my 8th great grandmother
Eber Sherman (1634 – 1706)
son of Sarah Odding
Mary Sherman (1688 – 1751)
daughter of Eber Sherman
Thomas Sweet (1732 – 1813)
son of Mary Sherman
Thomas Sweet (1765 – 1844)
son of Thomas Sweet
Valentine Sweet (1791 – 1858)
son of Thomas Sweet
Sarah LaVina Sweet (1840 – 1923)
daughter of Valentine Sweet
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Sarah LaVina Sweet
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse – (not you?)

Sarah married Phillip Sherman (Shearman), son of Samuel Sherman and Philippa Ward.

Mr Phillip Shearman was one of the 23 signers of the Portsmouth Compact dated 07 March 1638 (13th signer) … a document 138 years older than our Declaration of Independence in 1776.

Sarah and Phillip had perhaps 12 children (other source says they had 11 children and all survived to adulthood):

Eber Sherman1634 – 1706
Sarah (md Mumford) Sherman
1636 – 1718
Peleg Sherman Sr. 1638 – 1719
Mary Sherman1639 – 1700
Samson Sherman
1641 – 1718
Edmund Sherman1641 – 1718
Sarah Sherman
1641 – ?
William Sherman1643 – 1646
John Sherman
1644 – 1734
Hannah Sherman1647 – 1717
Samuel Sherman
1648 – 1717
Mary (2nd one) Sherman1652 – 1729
Philip Sherman
1652 – 1731
*Source: Ancestry.com

References to Phillip Shearman and his wife Sarah Odding (Oddyn) being Quakers:
• “After Phillip Shearman went to Rhode Island he left the Congregational Church and united with the Society of Friends.” (Representive of Men and Old Families of Rhode Island, Volume 1, publisher Jeff Beers & Co, Chicago c1908, page 210).
• “In the meantime, Phillip Shearman, became a member of another religious order, the Society of Friends (Quakers).” (Going to Palmyra: Sherman Deeds, by Margaret Sherman Lutzvick, 1997, page 38).
• “Philip and Sarah Sherman joined the Society of Friends as did their children and their children’s children for two hundred years.” (A New England Heritage, by Frederick Barreda Sherman, c1969, page 64).
• “After he removed to Rhode-Island he left the Congregational Church and united with the Society of Friends.” (New England Historic Genealogical Society, Vol 24 Jan 1870 page 66: Article titled The Sherman Family, By Rev David Sherman).
*SOURCE: Alonzo Sherman (descendant)

Family and descendants:
While still living in Roxbury, in the Massachusetts colony, Sherman married Sarah Odding, the daughter of William and Margaret Odding. He and Sarah had a large family of at least 11 children, most of whom survived childhood, married, and had large families.

Sherman’s mother-in-law, Margaret Odding, married secondly John Porter, another signer of the Portsmouth Compact. With Margaret, Porter had one child, Hannah, who married Samuel Wilbur, Jr., whose father, Samuel Wilbore was another signer of the compact.

Among the many descendants of Philip and Sarah Sherman are former United States Presidents George H. W. Bush and George W. Bush. Other descendants include James S. Sherman, Susan B. Anthony, Janis Joplin, Sir Winston Churchill, Lyndon LaRouche, Conrad Aiken, Mamie Eisenhower, and possibly Marilyn Monroe.
*Source: Wikipedia summary of sources.

Family links:
Spouse:
Phillip Sherman (1610 – 1687)
Burial:
Portsmouth Friends Churchyard
Portsmouth
Newport County
Rhode Island, USA

SARAH ODDING
In the list of admissions to Roxbury church, member #95 was “Sarah Odding. She was step daughter to John Porter & came with her parents & was after married to Philip Sharman of this church”.
COMMENTS: This admission was late in 1633, but her parents were much earlier in the list, and the family probably came to New England on one of the ships that arrived during the early summer. See JOHN PORTER and PHILIP SHERMAN.
In 1998 Patricia Law Hatcher discovered that Sarah Odding was born by 1612, daughter of “William Oddyn” of Braintree, Essex.

Benjamin Congdon, Rhode Island Pioneer

July 8, 2015 8 Comments

Congdon Coat of Arms

Congdon Coat of Arms

There are conflicting versions of my 8th great-grandfather’s birth.  Some believe he was born in Wales, and others think he was born in Rhode island.  My research points to Wales, but I have not worked very hard on his parents. Each generation needs scrutiny to make sure there are no mistakes before proceeding backwards.  I have made plenty of  family tree errors in the past, and wish to avoid it in future. We are without proof, but I think young Benjamin sailed from Wales when he was very young, perhaps with his parents.  He was in Rhode Island early enough to buy land from the native people:

The first notice found of Benjamin Congdon is in the Records of Portsmounth, R.I., under date of June 16th 1670, where he is proposed to become a freeman (or voter). He married Elizabeth Albro, the daughter of Major John Albro; she received as a bequest from her father 50 shillings in English money, 1 bolster case, 1 pair of sheets and 2 pewter platters. Benjamin Congdon bought land of the original proprietors (the Indians) at Potaquamscut, R.I., Sept. 22nd 1671. In his will whihc is dated July 2d, 1715, he mentions his wife, Elizabeth Congdon and his loving sons William, John, Benjamin and James. His daughters were Elizabeth Wells and Susannah Anthony.

Benjamin Congdon (1642 – 1718)
is my 8th great grandfather
Benjamin Congdon (1676 – 1756)
son of Benjamin Congdon
William Congdon (1711 – 1755)
son of Benjamin Congdon
Frances Congdon (1738 – 1755)
daughter of William Congdon
Thomas Sweet (1765 – 1844)
son of Frances Congdon
Valentine Sweet (1791 – 1858)
son of Thomas Sweet
Sarah LaVina Sweet (1840 – 1923)
daughter of Valentine Sweet
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Sarah LaVina Sweet
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Benjamin Congdon appears to have first settled in Rhode Island, where, on the 20th day of Sepctember, 1671, he bought of William Brenton, Benedict Arnold, and others, 230 acres of land in Narragansett, but did not occupy it for several years after. He was a made freeman in 1677, being born about 1650. It is not ascertained who his parents were, or whether he was born in this country. In 1679 he received a deed of 200 acres of land in Narragansett, being part of 7,630 acres laid out by Samuel Wilber to Jirch Bull and 24 others. On the 20th day of October, 1683, he sold to John Sheldon the 230 acres he purchased of William Brenton and Benedict Arnold, for 7 pounds. in the deed he styled himself, “late of Porsmouth, planter.”
His signature was made to deeds, etc., by mark Z while his son Benjamin signed by mark O. His will was executed July 2, 1715, and proved in the Probate Court Dec. 10, 1718. His executors were his wife, Elizabeth, and son, John. To sons William, John, Benjamin, and James, 5s. each, they having had their portions. To daughter Elizabeth Wells and Sussanna Northup three cows each, and to granddaughter Elizabeth Wells, a co w at deceased of his wife. To his wife, the household goods at her disposal, and the farm, orchard, and housing for life. To so John, two cows and a heifer. Benjamin Congdon married Elizabeth Albro, dau. of John Albro and Dorothy . He died Jan. 19, 1718. She died Nov. 15, 1720. Both were buried in the Congdon burial ground at Congdon Hill, near Wickford, R.i.

Captain John Peabody, 11th Great Grandfather

May 19, 2015 12 Comments

 

My 11th great-grandfather was born in England in 1590, and died in Bridgewater, Massachusetts in 1667.  He was active in service to the colony.

Descendants of John Peabody[From Ancestors and Anecdotes Genealogy Blog, posted 17 Jan 2007 by JEM]

JOHN1 PEABODY was born 1590 in St. Albans, Hertfordshire, England, and died 1667 in Bridgewater, Mass. He married ISABEL HARPER Bet. 1608 – 1638. She was born 1592 in St. Albans, England, and died Bet. 1624 – 1686. The name Peabody is said to have originated during the reign of Nero, when Queen Broadicia was located at Icena, Briton. This Brave Queen opposed the Romans in their invasion of the country and with her son Boadie, took refuge in the craggy heights of Wales. Among his Britain’s “Boadie” signified a man of great strength and Pea meant “hill or mountain”. Consequently the name Peabody was applied to a mountain man. This name became the name of a tribe and in some branches of the family, “Boadie” became anglicized to the name Mann and Pea into the well-known name of Hill.In later times the name was spelled in different ways; Pbodie,Paybody, and Peabody. One of the earliest settlers in America of this name was William Pabodie who was a member of Captain Miles Standish’s military company of Mass. in 1643. John Peabody was another early settler who was active colonist of the Bay State, serving as its ensign, captain and deputy to the general court. More About JOHN PEABODY:Came to America: 1635, Bridgewater, Mass Isabell married John Peabody in 1608 in Stafford Stafford England. (John Peabody was born in 1589-1590 in St Albans Hertfordshire England, christened about 1635 in St AlbansHertfordshire England, died in Apr 1667 in Bridgewater Plymouth MA and was buried on 27 Apr 1667 in Boston Suffolk MA.More

Note to Reader: This genealogical narrative is drawn from my many years of research on the Peabody family and related families. It is presented here, for what help it might be to other researchers, in the same format as it was first published on my website in about 1998. No effort has been made to update this material or to incorporate more recent genealogical discoveries published on Ancestry.com or elsewhere. The list of sources at the end may prove especially helpful. This narrative is archived at http://web.archive.org/web/20001018124830/www.pbdy.com/begin.html -Velton Peabody

JOHN PAYBODY1 was born about 1590 in England. He probably arrived in the Plymouth Colony in 1635 or 1636, for his name appears on the list of freemen of the colony dated March 7, 1636/37, and he was admitted and sworn with others whose names were on that list on Jan. 2, 1637/8. He married Isabel Harper, sister of Thomas Harper of London, England.John Peabody received a grant of 10 acres of land Jan. 1, 1637/8, “on Duxburrow side, lying betwixt the lands of William Tubs on the north side and those of Experience Mitchell on the south side, and from the sea in the west; and from Blew Fish River in the easte.” Another tract, granted him Nov. 2, 1640, was 30 acres “with meadow to it” at North River. He was a member of the jury that convicted three young Englishmen of the murder of an Indian on Sept. 4, 1638, and of the “Grand Inquest” at the court June 4, 1639. He was one of the sureties on a neighbor’s bond June 4, 1645.In 1645, John Paybody and his son, William, were among the original proprietors of Bridgewater, Mass. He was a witness with Thomas Winterton against Edward Richards when he was tried in court at Salem 4:9:1645, on a charge of making a false statement to them concerning shipboard killings. Richards was convicted and fined 10 shillings and ordered to acknowledge his sin before the congregation at Lynn.John’s will, dated July 16, 1649, at Duxbury, was proved Apr. 27, 1666/7 at Boston:“In and about the sixteenth of July in the yeare of our Lord 1649 I John Paybody of Duxbrook in the Collonie of New Plymoute planter being in prfect health and sound in memory God be blessed for it doe ordaine and make this my last Will and Testament In maner and forme as foloweth;“Imprimis I bequeath my soule to God that gave it hopeing to be saved by the Meritt of Christ my blessed Saviour and Redeemer; as for my worldly goods as followeth“Item I give and bequeath unto Thomas my eldest sonne one shilling“Item I give and bequeath unto ffrancis Paybody my second son one shilling.“Item I give and bequeath unto William Paybody my youngest son one shilling.“Item I give and bequeath unto Annis Rouse my daughter one shilling.“Item I give and bequeath unto John Rouse the son of John Rouse my lands att Carswell in Marshfield after my wifes decease;“Item I give unto John Pabodie the son of William my lott of Land att the new plantation,“Item I give and bequeath all the Rest of my goods that are my mine liveing and dead unto my wife Isabell Paybody whome I make my sole executrix of this my last Will and Testament; memorandum all these legasyes before sett downe are to yayed by William Paybody my youngest son when they shallbe demanded John PaybodyJohn ffernesyde Boston in New England the 27th of April, 1667“Mr John ffernesyde came before mee under written and deposed that by order of Paybody above written and mentioned: hee wrote what is above written and Read it to the said John Paybody on the day of the date thereof and declared the same to be his Last Will and that when hee soe did hee was of a sound disposing mind to his best knowlidg and alsoe subscribed his name thereunto John ffernesyde as a witness; As Attesteth Edward Rawson Recorder”Children, probably all born in England: i. Thomas,2 b. about 1612 #2 ii. Francis, b. about 1614#3 iii. William, b. 1619 iv. Annis or Annie, b. about 1620; m. Jan. 7, 1638/9, in Marshfield, John Rouse of Marshfield; John was a Quaker, he was a town officer in Marshfield in 1645; he d. Dec. 16, 1684, in Marshfield, and she d. before Sept. 12, 1688, when he will was proved; children: Mary Rouse, John Rouse, Simon Rouse, George Rouse, Elizabeth Rouse, Anna Rouse.Sources: Records and Files of the Quarterly Courts of Essex County, [Mass.], I, 1911; “Plymouth Colony Wills and Inventories,” Mayflower Descendant XVII:1 (January 1915); Justin Winsor, History of the Town of Duxbury, Massachusetts, 1849; Eugene Willard Montgomery, Willard Peabody Genealogy, 1915; Charles Henry Pope, Pioneers of Massachusetts, 1900; William Richard Cutter and William Frederick Adams, Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of the State of Massachusetts, II, 1910; C.M. Endicott, Genealogy of the Peabody Family, 1867, revised and corrected by William S. Peabody with a partial record of the Rhode Island Branch by B. Frank Peabody, cited hereafter as Peabody Genealogy, 1867; Selim Hobart Peabody, Peabody (Paybody, Pabody, Pabodie) Genealogy, 1909, cited hereafter as Peabody Genealogy, 1909; Leon Clark Hills, History and Genealogy of the Mayflower Planters (Cape Cod Series), I, 1975 reprint of 1936 1941 ed.; Dorothy A. Sherman Lainson, John Paybodie (Peabody) English Immigrant to Plymouth Duxbury, 1635, 1972; Goldie Peabody Brownyard and Theodore Lucius Brownyard, Ancestors and Descendants of Charles Elmer Peabody, 1980; Richard Gentry, Gentry Family in America, 1909; Detroit Society for Genealogical Research Magazine XXX:3 (Spring 1967); Family History Library; William R. Marsh, Ancestors and Descendants of F.A. Marsh and Ivy Crites, 1990; Nahum Mitchell, History of the Early Settlement of Bridgewater, in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, 1840.
CaptainJohnPabodie
John Peabody and descendants
The PEABODY Family of St. Albans, Hertfordshire, Hampton, Rockingham, NH and Topsfield, Essex, MASend comments and corrections to anneb0704@yahoo.co.ukJOHN PAYBODY (d. by 1649) of St. Albans and Duxbury m. Isabel Harper|FRANCIS PEABODY (abt 1614 – 1698) of Hampton and Topsfield m. Lydia Unknown|WILLIAM PABODIE (c. 1620 – 1707) m. Elizabeth Alden|LYDIA PEABODY (bp. 1640 – 1715), wife of Thomas Howlett 2LYDIA PABODIE (1667 – 1748) m. Daniel Grinnell
History of the Town of Duxbury, Massachusetts with Genealogical Registers
Seventeenth Century Colonial Ancestors, Vol. I
Elizabeth (Alden) Pabodie and descendants
A genealogy of the Peabody family

John Capt Peabody Pabodie (1590 – 1667)
is my 11th great grandfather
Lieut Francis Peabody (1614 – 1697)
son of John Capt Peabody Pabodie
Lydia Peabody (1640 – 1715)
daughter of Lieut Francis Peabody
Mary Howlett (1664 – 1727)
daughter of Lydia Peabody
John Hazen (1687 – 1772)
son of Mary Howlett
Caleb Hazen (1720 – 1777)
son of John Hazen
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
daughter of Caleb Hazen
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Mercy Hazen
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Anne Bringham, 10th Great-grandmother

September 27, 2014 3 Comments

Bringham coat of arms

Bringham coat of arms

headstone

headstone

My 10th great-grandmother came to America on the ship Suzan and Ellen in 1635. She was born in Spaulding Moor, Yorkshire, England. Her profession on the ship’s log is listed as vixor (a word for which I find no definition) , her husband’s as a husbandman, and my 9th great-grandfather, Thomas Crosby, was 8 weeks old. He was lucky to survive the crossing at such a tender age. Ann’s husband died young, and she married a minister who went broke and died of melancholia. This was a huge drag for Ann. Lucky for me they survived.

Ann Brigham (1606 – 1675)
is my 10th great grandmother
Thomas Crosby (1635 – 1702)
son of Ann Brigham
Sarah Crosby (1667 – 1706)
daughter of Thomas Crosby
Sarah Sears (1697 – 1785)
daughter of Sarah Crosby
Sarah Hamblin (1721 – 1814)
daughter of Sarah Sears
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
daughter of Sarah Hamblin
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Mercy Hazen
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse
Ernest Howard Crosby, In the portion of the family history taken from the October New York Genealogical and Biograpical Record, Surmises that Simon Crosby ‘may have come to America as one of the company of the Rev. Thomas Shepard, who crossed the ocean in that year (1635) and settled at Newtown, now Cambridge, Massachusetts. This Mr. Shepard was preceeded or accompanied by a large number of his freinds and acquaintances. He had taken orders in the Church of England, and had held livings in Yorkshire and Northumberland, but he enertained conscientious scruples regarding the ceremonies of his church, and was consequently so harassed by those in authority that he left England, and became one of the most eminent clergymen in New England. The Cheif reason for establishing Harvard College at Cambridge is that he lived there.’

This record goes on to state that before the end of 1635 we find Simon Crosby living at Newtown (Cambridge). He was admitted as a freeman on March 3, 1636 and chosen as a selectman in the fall of that year. In September of 1637 he was elected surveyor of highways; was selectman again in 1638, and in October of that year was elected constable.

On Dec. 5, 1636 land was granted to him and six others for pasture. He died in Cambridge in September 1639, at only 31 years of age. The cause of his death is not known, but we can surmise that his death may have been fairly sudden, since he died intestate. An addendum to Ernest Howard Crosby’s record quoted above says that the orginal inventory of the estate of Simon Crosby, signed by his widow Anne, is on file in the archives of Massachuetts at Boston. It places the value of his property at 433 pounds.

Holme-on-Spaulding-Moor, in York Co., England is an extensive Parrish located 15 miles SE of the city of York.

Simon and his wife came over in the ship “Susan and Ellen.”

Notes for ANNE BRIGHAM:

It is from Thomas 7, the firstborn, that our line descends, but before proceeding to his generation, it may be of interest to record some of the facts of the later life of the widowed Anne Crosby. In 1646 or l647, she married the Rev. William Tompson, aa distinguished clergyman in Braintree (now Quincy), Mass., who apparentlly pursued his religious duties with zeal but with little regard for financial gain. Ernest Howard Crosby’s record says that in Aug. of 1652 she sold the Crosby house4 with six acres adjoining, and also 147 acres of land in the neighborhood. Mr. Tompson’s health was finally undermined ‘by melancholia’, and he retired from preaching in 1659. He died in 1666, leaving his family in straitened circumstances. In 1668 Anne petitioned the General Court, complaining that moneys due her for his services were witheld. She died in 1675 and was buried in the Quincy churchyard. We have no record of what became of her daughter Ann, her only child by Mr. Tompkins.

At this point, it may be as well to record what is known of two other brothers, both younger than Thomas:

Simon Jr., born 1637, moved early in life to Billerica, Mass. and was the first innkeeper in that town. He was Representative in the General Court in 1691, 1697, and 1698. (Indications are that it is from him that the Alonzo Crosby descent is traced.)

Joseph, the third son, is the ancestor from which Ernest Howard Crosby descends. Born in 1639, he was just 7 months old when his father, Simon the Emigrant, died. When his mother remarried, he was taken by her to live with his stepfather’s family. He passed his life there as a farmer, but was always prominent in town affairs, frequently serving on committees.

Children of SIMON CROSBY and ANNE BRIGHAM are:

  1. i. THOMAS 11 CROSBY, RE V, b. 26 Feb 1634/35, HOLME, YORK, ENGLAND; d. 27 Jun 1702, BOSTON, MA..

ii. SIMON CROSBY, b. Aug 1637, CAMBRIDGE, MA.; d. Unknown.

iii. JOSEPH CROSBY, b. Abt. 1639, CAMBRIDGE, MA.; d. Unknown.

Here are the notes from the ship on which they arrived in Salem:

In the Ship Suzan And Ellen EDWARD PAYNE Mr for New-England Theis pties herevnder

expressed have brought Certificates from the Minister of Justices of their Conformitie and that they

are no Subsidy Men.

Columns represent: name, occupation, and age of each passenger.

1 Procter, John Husbandman 40

2 Proctor, Martha 28

3 Proctor, John 3

4 Proctor, Marie 1

5 Street, Alice 28

6 Thorton, Walter Husbandman 36

7 Thorton , Johanna 44

8 North, John 20

9 Pynder, Mary 53

10 Pynder, Francis 20

11 Pynder, Marie 17

12* Pinder, Katherine 10

13 Pynder, Jo: 8

14 Skofield, Richard 22

15 Weeden, Edward 22

16 Wilby, George 16

17 Hawkins, Richard 15

18 Parker, Tho: 30

19 Burd, Symon 20

20 Mansfield, Jo: 34

21 Cole, Clement 30

22 Jones, Jo: 20

23 Burrow, Wm 19

24 Atwood, Phillip 13

25 Snowe, Wm 18

26 Lumus, Edward 24

27 Saltonstall, Richard Husbandman 23

28 Saltonstall, Merriall 22

29 Saltonstall, Merriall 9 mos.

30 Wells, Tho: 30

31* Coop, Peter 28

32 Lambart, Wm 26

33 Podd, Samvel 25

34 Belcher, Jeremy 22

35 Clifford, Marie 25

36 Coe, Jane 30

37 Riddlesden, Marie 17

38 Pellam, Jo: 20

39 Hitchcock, Matthew 25

40 Nicholls, Elizabeth 25

41 Carpenter, Tomazin 35

42 Fowle, Ann 25

43 Gordon, Edmond 18

44 Sydlie, Tho: 22

45 Leach, Margaret 22

46 Smith, Marie 21

47 Swayne, Elizabeth 16

48 Wells, Ann 20

49 Bewile, Grace 30

50 Taylor, Dvonis 48

51 Smith, Hanna 30

52 Backley, Jo: 15

53 Battrick, Wm 18

Theis vnder written names are to be transported to New-England imbarqued in the

Suzen And Ellen

EDWARD PAYNE Mr:

the pties have brought Certificates from ye Ministers of Justices of the peace

yt they are no Subsidy Men: and are conformable to ye orders and discipline of

the Church of England.

54 Hudson, Ralph A Drap 42

55 Hudson, Marie vixor 42

56 Hudson, Hanna children 14

57 Hudson, Eliz: children 5

58 Briggham, Tho: 32

59 Thwing, Ben: servant 16

60 Gibson, Ann servant 34

61 Kirk, Judith servant 18

62 Moore, Jo: servant 41

63 Knowles, Henry servant 25

64 Richardson, Geo 30

65 Thomlins, Ben: 18

66 Thomlins, Edward 30

67 Ford, Barbara 16

68 Broomer, Joan 13

69 Brooke, Richard 24

70 Brooke, Tho: 18

71 Crosby, Symon husbandman 26

72 Crosby, Ann vixor 25

73 Crosby, Tho: child 8 weeks

74 Rowton, Ric: husbandman 36

75 Roswton, Ann vixor 36

76 Rowton, Edmond child 6

77 Greene, Percivall husbandman 32

78 Greene, Ellin vixor 32

79 Trane, Jo: servant 25

80 Dix, Margaret servant 18

81 Atherson, Jo: 24

82 Blason, Ann 27

83 Buckley, Ben: 11

84 Buckley, Daniell 9

85 Corrington, Jo: 33

86 Corrington, Mary 33

  • The transcriber notes that the port of arrival in New England was Salem, Massachusetts.

Anna Bursell, 9th Great Grandmother

May 13, 2013

Anna Bursell at rest

Anna Bursell at rest

Anna was born in Barnstable, Ma in 1640.  She died a widow in Barnstable in 1724, living through some heavy times.  She married Silas Sears:

Lieut. SILAS SEARS, son of Richard, died Yarmouth, Mass., 13 Jan, 1697/8; married ANNA ??(Bursell??) who died a widow in yarmouth, 4 Mar 1725/6.  They had children:

SILAS, born Yarmouth c. 1661;  RICHARD,  born in Yarmouth; HANNAH, born Eastham(?) Dec 1672, m. 8 Feb 1692/3 Thomas SNOW(son of Mark and Jane(Prence)Snow) she died prior to 30 Sep 1706; JOSEPH, born Yarmouth, c. 1675;  JOSIAH, born Yarmouth c. 1677; ELIZABETH, born Yarmouth, m. there 22 Nov 1705, John COOKE; DORRITY, born yarmouth c. 1687; m. there 8 Feb 1715/6 Joseph STAPLES she died 28 Feb 1753

Lt. Silas Sears lived in that part of Yarmouth known as the East precinct, now East Dennis; was “propounded to take up Freedom,” June 6, 1682; commissioned Ensign, 28 Oct 1681; Liet. 7 July 1682; chosen Representataive to the General Court at Plymouth, 1685-91; Selectman, 1680-94; Juryman, 1680-82.

25 Dec, 1689; “Silace Sears and other fined 20 shillings for not appearing and attending at Court, or disorderly departing therefrom;”–fines remitted latar, “it being first offense of the kind.”

1694; “Lt Silas Sears on Com. to seat men, women and others in the meetinghouse;”  an onerous duty in those days.

1 Nov 1676, Emott Bursell and Silas Sears appointed administrators of the Estate of James Bursell of Yarmouth.  It has been suggested that his wife may have been a daughter of James Bursell, based on the supposition of his being chosen one of the administrators.

Silas Sears left no will, and letters of administration were granted to his widow Anna, 1 May 1698.  The “settlement” of his estate was made 5 May 1698 and mentions sons Silas, Richard, joseph and Josiah; and daughters, Hannah, Elizabeth and Dorrity

Anna Bursell (1640 – 1724)
is my 9th great grandmother
Silas Sears (1661 – 1732)
son of Anna Bursell
Sarah Sears (1697 – 1785)
daughter of Silas Sears
Sarah Hamblin (1721 – 1814)
daughter of Sarah Sears
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
daughter of Sarah Hamblin
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
daughter of Mercy Hazen
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
son of Martha Mead
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
son of Abner Morse
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
son of Daniel Rowland Morse
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
son of Jason A Morse
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
son of Ernest Abner Morse
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden Morse

Pioneer Archetype

January 31, 2013 7 Comments

Mayflower document

Mayflower document

My family in history is LOADED with Pioneers, including my own parents. I find that almost all of my people left Europe in the early 1600’s to come to America. They had both the sense of adventure and the wherewithal to make it happen.  Before that they were running around Europe doing daring stuff, but the whole idea of sailing in a ship across the Atlantic to live in the New World was extremely bold. As soon as they arrived in Plymouth there was quibbling about religion, which lead to some banishment and some abandonment of the first settlements. Here we have at work both the light and the shadow aspects of the Pioneer.  A passion for innovation and creativity can have the shadow aspect of a compulsive need to keep moving with no anchor.

My 11th great-grandfather, John Tilley sailed on the Mayflower, signed the Mayflower Compact, then promptly dropped dead. He did his pioneer thing and died in Plymouth Colony.  Lucky for me, his daughter Elizabeth survived.

John Tilley (1589 – 1620)
is my 11th great grandfather
Elizabeth Tilley (1607 – 1687)
Daughter of John
Joseph Howland (1640 – 1704)
Son of Elizabeth
Elizabeth Howland (1673 – 1724)
Daughter of Joseph
Eleazer Hamblin (1699 – 1771)
Son of Elizabeth
Sarah Hamblin (1721 – 1814)
Daughter of Eleazer
Mercy Hazen (1747 – 1819)
Daughter of Sarah
Martha Mead (1784 – 1860)
Daughter of Mercy
Abner Morse (1808 – 1838)
Son of Martha
Daniel Rowland Morse (1838 – 1910)
Son of Abner
Jason A Morse (1862 – 1932)
Son of Daniel Rowland
Ernest Abner Morse (1890 – 1965)
Son of Jason A
Richard Arden Morse (1920 – 2004)
Son of Ernest Abner
Pamela Morse
I am the daughter of Richard Arden

John was a singer of the Mayflower compact which was done November 11, 1620.  Therefore, if the day and month aqre correct he must have died in 1621.

John Tilley (1571 – 1620 or 1621) was one of the settlers who traveled from England to North America on the Mayflower and signed the Mayflower Compact. Tilley died shortly after arrival in New England.

Overview

Tilley was christened in Henlow, Bedfordshire, England on 19 December 1571. He was the eldest child of Robert and Elizabeth Tilley. He had four sisters (Rose, Agnes, Elizabeth, and Alice) and three brothers (George, William, and Edward or Edmund). Research done by Robert Ward Leigh, using probate records, show that Tilley’s paternal grandparents were William and Agnes Tylle, his great-grandparents were Thomas and Margaret Tylle, and great-great-grandparents were Henry and Johann[a]? Tilly, all of Henlow.

On 20 September 1596 in Henlow, John married Joan Hurst Rogers, the daughter of William and Rose Hurst and the widow of Thomas Rogers of Henlow. Joan had had one daughter from her previous marriage. John and Joan had five children between 1597 and 1607. At least one child died young. Research by George Ernest Bowman shows that John was not the Jan Tellij that married Prijntgen Van den Velde in Leyden.

In September 1620, John and Joan embarked on the Mayflower along with their teenage daughter Elizabeth and John’s brother Edward Tilley and his wife Ann or Agnes (Cooper) Tilley. Edward and Ann brought along Ann’s relatives Henry Sampson and Humility Cooper. They left behind their older children, who were married by this time. They arrived at what would become Plymouth in November. John and brother Edward were amongst the men who signed the Mayflower Compact.

Unfortunately, the first winter after their arrival was extremely difficult and a number of the settlers died. Amongst these were John, wife Joan, brother Edward, and sister-in-law Ann. William Bradford reported, “…Edward Tillie, and his wife both dyed soon after their arrivall; and the girle Humility their cousen, was sent for unto Ento England, and dyed ther But the youth Henery Sampson, is still liveing, and is married, & hath .7. children. John Tilley and his wife both dyed, a litle after they came ashore…” This left daughter Elizabeth the only surviving member of the Tilley family in America. The orphan was taken in by John Carver but he and his wife both died that spring. Elizabeth later married John Howland, Carver’s former servant, and left many descendants. I am one.

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